Ancient Rome

As the legend goes, Romulus and Remus, Roman twins, were separated from their mother and left by the river Tiber to starve. However, a mother wolf found them and took care of them. Years later the boys were instructed by Mars, the Roman God of war, to build a city in the place where they had been found. They built the city but declared war against each other. Romulus won and thus the city came to be known as Rome.

Life in ancient Rome is said to have started in the 8th or 9th century BC. This happened when northern warriors shifted to the Italian peninsula and rehabilated around the river Tiber. For centuries, Rome was considered to be the most significant city in the ever expanding Roman Empire. Rome was the capital city and held all seats of power.

In historic times Rome was ruled by kings. These kings had the reputation of being extremely cruel. Owing to this, the last king, Tarquin the Proud, was overthrown and Rome gained a republic status for the next four centuries. Rome was then ruled by a Senate. Romans elected senators who carried out administrative tasks. A distinct feature about the Roman empire was that only Roman citizens were permitted to vote during elections. However, women, poor people and slaves were not considered to be citizens.

Rome also went through a phase where it was ruled by military generals. However, since these generals were many, decision making became a problem. The Romans needed an emperor to centralize power. This came in the form of Augustus Caesar who came to power in 27 B.C.

When Christianity gained popularity, Rome became an important seat of the Roman Catholic Church and home to the Pope. With the advent of the Middle Ages, mankind saw the decline of the Roman Empire. Inspite of a declining empire, the city revived its fame as the political capital of Europe for several hundred years uptil the Renaissance. Even today, Rome remains powerful and prominent as the capital of Italy with its beautiful architecture and culture.

Ancient Greece

The Greek civilization is considered by historians as the first one in the history of mankind. A study of their archeological remains confirms that the ancient Greeks were a highly developed community. Their lifestyle and inventions indicate a high sense of order and aesthetics.

The ancient Greeks built houses along the shores of the land. They were dependant on the Aegean seas for their food supplies and other trade. Traveling brought them in contact with other cultures. They gained exposure to various agricultural methods and different types of metal work.

Different communities arose from the ancient Greece civilization. Some of them were the Aegean, Achaeans and the Pelasgians. Crete was the center of the Aegean civilization and was the dominant community in 2500 BC. The Achaeans made Mycenae their capital. A volcano caused the destruction of the Aegean community around 1400bc. The Mycenaeans absorbed the culture of the Aegean community.

In course of time, Greek settlements were transformed into city-states or poleis and each city-state was ruled by a king. The government was usually unstable due to the tyranny of the aristocrats. Democracy was hardly ever practiced.

The ancient Greeks were very keen on sports. The great athletic contest called the Olympic games began in 776 BC, which marked the beginning of the rise of the Greek civilization. At that point of time, Greek ideas were greatly influenced by many different foreign cultures. Artists were focusing on recreating human figures of mythology. The civilization saw its zenith around 500 BC. Excellence was seen in the fields of philosophy, art and literature. Wars with other civilizations began in 490 BC and the superior Greek armies overran their opponents to establish their supremacy. The ancient age of Greek civilization saw the birth of great philosophers like Pluto, Socrates, and the great emperor, Alexander.

The ancient Greeks were pagan. They prayed to the various elements of nature. They believed that favorable climate and good crops occurred when the gods were pleased. When things turned bad, they attributed it to the wrath of the gods. They performed sacrifices to appease the enraged gods.

Ancient Greeks were essentially simple-minded folks who left behind a beautiful legacy of art, philosophy and literature.

Ancient Egypt

The Egyptian civilization is one of the oldest in the world and dates back more than 6000 years. Early settlements were around the banks of the Nile river and irrigation formed the basis of this civilization.

In ancient Egypt, the most-powerful person was the ‘pharaoh’, who was both the political and religious leader. The duties of the pharaoh included collecting taxes, making laws and protecting the people from foreign invasions. People in ancient Egypt were involved in activities like farming and making crafts. Craftsmen formed one of the communities in ancient Egypt. These men were skilled and made beautiful and expensive objects for temples and pharaohs.

People built mud-brick homes and grew their own food. Additionally, they traded villages for goods that could not be produced. The ancient Egyptians were pious people and believed that worshipping different Gods and Goddesses would make their lives peaceful and harmonious.

Pyramids were built in Egypt as ‘tombs’ for the pharaohs and their queens. In addition, temples were built as a dedication to Gods and Goddesses, who were worshipped by the priests and the pharaohs. Egyptians practiced the art of ‘mummification’. It was believed that when a person died, his soul would leave him, thus, in order to re-unite the soul and the body, people were buried in pits in the desert. This method was gradually replaced with burying dead people in coffins to protect them from decaying. Mummification ensured that the dead bodies remained ‘life-like’.

One of the vital activities of the Egyptians was communication, in order to preserve information about religion and the government. Scripts were invented, one of which is known as the hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics involved using pictures to describe events and tell stories, and is one of the earliest forms of written communication.

An Introduction To Myrtle Beach Hotels

South Carolina, with its long coastline boasts a number of tourist attractions. In fact, Kiawah Island has been voted as one of the most romantic beaches in the US. Besides beaches, there are number of historic spots such as Charleston.

Between Little River and Charleston lies the Grand Strand. The Grand Strand is 60 miles long with pristine beaches, state parks and quaint fishing villages. The hub of Grand Strand is Myrtle Beach — famous as a hot tourist attraction. According to the official tourism website of South Carolina, Myrtle Beach attracts 12 million visitors annually.

Myrtle Beach derives its name from a shrub that was found during the early settlement period. The beach is known for its stretch of white sand and a warm, temperate climate throughout the year. Myrtle Beach is also known for golf courses. According to an estimate, there are more than 100 courses, making it the golf capital of the world. Myrtle Beach has seen an explosive growth because of its pleasant climate and golfing.

The growing tourism industry has complimented the growth of the hospitality industry that caters to every segment of the tourist population from families, students, budget tourists and the rich. The hospitality industry has responded to the tourist segments through five star hotels, condominiums, bed and breakfast hotels and oceanfront hotels x96 most with magnificent views. There are around 70,000 hotels in Myrtle Beach.

The Myrtle Beach Chamber of Commerce and the Hospitality Association will provide you with more information about the lodging facilities. Reservations can be made through online websites and tour operators. Due to its popularity, it is difficult to find bargains for the better hotels. However, going to Myrtle Beach websites will give you lots of information.

An Introduction To Military Boarding Schools

Military schools foster physical and mental growth in a positive environment. Contrary to popular belief, military establishments are not given to exacting standards of discipline using hostile means. The right school helps motivate young minds and shape their future.

Writers like Enid Blyton colored our imagination with her exciting and funny accounts of boarders in St. Clare’s and Malory Towers. Military boarding schools do not offer similar ‘adventures’ but are centers of excellence in every way. They focus on discipline, teamwork and molding young minds, especially those with a desire to join the military forces. Boot camps and military schools are not the same. For defiant teenagers, military schools are not always open.

Boarding schools have many advantages. For parents living in areas with inadequate educational facilities they are a great option. Learning to live away from home and being physically separated from loved ones is no easy task. But the children learn to be independent and adapt to changing environments. The faculty and students often have better interaction, and the variety of academic and extracurricular activities hones individual talents. The schools are often strict, but help prepare students for college life and military service.

Choose the right school suited to the child’s needs by conducting extensive research. In the US, there are boys-only and Christian military schools as well. For example, the Army and Navy Academy (Carlsbad, CA), Marine Military Academy (Harlingen, TX) and Fork Union Military Academy (Fork Union, VA) are all boys. St. John’s Northwestern Military Academy (Delafield, WI) and Hargrave Military Academy (Chatham, VA) are Episcopal and Baptist Christian schools. Admiral Farragut Academy (St.Petersburg, FL) and New York Military Academy (Cornwall on Hudson, NY) are co-ed.

An Introduction To Miami Beach Hotels

The beach hotels in Miami are a getaway from your daily grinding schedule. Miami Beach hotels offer all that you desire. The food, the ambience, the recreational activities, and the serenity of the sea are satisfying. That’s the reason why honeymooners and families rate Miami amongst America’s best vacation locales.

The hotels in Miami Beach are small and uniquely hip, and can offer you a great travel experience with a fresh new perspective of style and service. They provide you a wide range of dishes, and also have nightclubs and gyms.

One of the most popular hotels in the area is the Delano Hotel, which has continuously retained its popularity season after season. Its hip setting, cutting-edge parties and proximity to clubs and Lincoln Road shopping drive its popularity. Other popular hotels are the Pelican Hotel, Loews Miami Beach Hotel, Savoy Hotel, the Bentley Beach Hotel, Beacon Hotel, and the National Hotel, amongst several others. Each of these hotels has something unique about to make them popular year after year.

If you are a discount traveler you can hope to get a great discount at any of these hotels. For this, you need to call the hotels or book online. Details are available on their respective websites. There are chances that you might even land a discount.

To make the most of your vacation in Miami Beach it is recommended that you identify the hotels that suit your purpose. For example, if you are going for a honeymoon you might like to try some special honeymoon hotels that offer you the right ambience and entertainment facilities. If you plan to go on a holiday with your family, you would be comfortable if you select one of the hotels that offer good recreational facilities for children. After all, you ought to spend your vacation in class and get the best deal for your money.

An Introduction To Ecuador

Ecuador is a South American country bordered by Columbia in the north, Peru in the south and east, and the Pacific Ocean in the west. Ecuador has a land area of 276,840 sq. km. Galapagos Islands also form a part of Ecuador and is famous for their wildlife. Ecuador has a coastline of about 2,237 km. This country has a republican form of government, and Quito is the capital city, located at an altitude of 2,820 meters.

Ecuador has a population of just over 13 million people (July 2005 estimate). The main ethnic groups are mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) at 65 percent and Amerindian at 25 percent of the population. Spanish and others constitute 7 percent of the population while blacks are 3 percent. At least 95 percent of the people of Ecuador are Roman Catholic. Spanish is the official language, and Amerindian languages are also spoken, especially Quechua. Ecuador has a population growth of 1.24 percent and the infant mortality rate is 23.66 deaths to1,000 live births. Ecuador has a life expectancy of 76.21 years and has a literacy rate of 92.5 percent.

Ecuador gained independence from Spain on May 24, 1822. The Independence Day is celebrated on August 10th. For administrative purposes, Ecuador is divided into 22 provinces. The country has a gross domestic product of $49.51 billion. Agriculture occupies 8.7 percent and industry occupies 30.5 percent of the GDP. The service sector occupies 60.9 percent of the GDP. Ecuador has an urban labor force of 4.53 million. The service sector accounts for 68 percent of the work force while industry accounts for 24 percent of the work force. Only 8 percent of the labor force is employed in the agricultural sector. According to 2001 estimates, 45 percent of the population of Ecuador is below the poverty line.

The main industries of Ecuador are petroleum, chemicals, food processing, textiles, timber, and the main agricultural produces include bananas, coffee, cocoa, rice, potatoes, tapioca, plantains, and sugarcane. Livestock includes cattle, sheep, pigs, beef, and pork. The main export commodities of Ecuador are petroleum, bananas, cut flowers and shrimp while the main import commodities include vehicles, medicinal products, telecommunications equipment, and electricity. The main export partners are the U.S., which accounts for 42.9 percent of all exports. The other main export partners are Panama 14.3 percent, Peru 7.9 percent and Italy 4.6 percent. The United States is the main import partner of Ecuador. The other main import partners include Colombia, China, Venezuela, Brazil, Chile, Japan, and Mexico.

American Film Schools

American film schools have a rich history dating back to the 1970s, when there was little chance to get film education. The only option to gain knowledge was to go to Hollywood at a young age and work along with people in the industry. By the 1970s, many major universities began to offer classes in film technology. Over the years, many film schools have opened with numerous educational programs that provide actual industry experience along with education.

American film schools are accredited by the National Association of Schools of Art and Design (NASAD) and the National Association of Schools of Theatre (NAST). The schools are commonly departments of universities, divisions of colleges or separate schools. There are some privately owned film schools as well that are not connected to American universities. Most of the schools provide undergraduate and graduate degree programs and some have graduate programs only. Various techniques involved in movie making, including film production, film theory and screen writing are taught. Hands-on practical knowledge and intern programs are included as part of studies.

Some schools are considered top in the nation. New York Film Academy, Los Angeles Film School, USA Film School, San Francisco School of Digital Filmmaking, and FSU Film School are among them. These schools are located in prime areas of cities including New York and Los Angeles, and provide better education and have good infrastructure. But studying in these schools is quite expensive.

Founded in 1929, The University of Southern California’s School of Cinema-Television is the oldest film school in the nation. Some \ other good schools are the American Film Institute (AFI), California Institute of the Arts, Columbia University School of the Arts, The North Carolina School of the Arts, and the schools at New York University (NYU), University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), and University of Texas at Austin.

Aluminum Welding

Welding metalwork pieces such as those made from aluminum is relatively easy as it melts at a much lower temperature and does not crack after solidifying. Aluminum welding is done according to the type of aluminum used such as commercial grade aluminum having 99 percent purity, non-heat treatable alloys containing small amounts of manganese (Mn) or magnesium (Mg), and heat treatable alloys containing copper, silicon, zinc, or magnesium.

Work pieces made from these types of aluminum are easier to weld whereas aluminum work pieces containing copper or lead additives are difficult to weld and often lead to cracking while welding.

Aluminum welding methods include MIG and TIG welding, apart from conventional techniques such as gas, plasma, resistance welding, and welding with covered electrodes. The TIG technique is used when there is a need for good surface finishes and when welding from one side is not accessible, such as when welding pipes, and when repairing castings. The MIG technique is better suited for welding thicker aluminum work pieces at a faster rate and for achieving long, continuous welds. This technique has a lower heat input, which results in less distortion in the welding zone.

The latest aluminum welding technique involves the use of pulse arc welding combined with MIG that give much better results as compared to conventional methods. This technique gives better control of the molten pool in the case of thin material, makes the arc more stable, reduces spatters, and mitigates the risk of welding imperfections.

Welders need to take a few precautions while welding aluminum work pieces as the higher melting point of oxide that forms on its surface, when mixed into the molten pool, can cause welding defects. The surface of work pieces that are to be welded need to be scraped or brushed clean using stainless steel wire brush immediately before welding.

Aluminum Fishing Boats

Aluminum fishing boats are growing more and more popular these days because of the many advantages they have over those that are made from fiberglass or steel. Aluminum fishing boats are typically more resistant to corrosion, rot and leaks and they are more power-efficient. Aside from that, aluminum fishing boats are also stronger and are easy to fix and repair once they get damaged.

It is true that you need more bucks in purchasing an aluminum boat but it will pay off in the long run with much savings in fuel, repairs and upkeep and maintenance and towing. Aluminum fishing boats are ideal not only for fishing but also for your recreational activities. They can be used if you want to cruise with your family, whether in fresh or salt waters.

Aluminum fishing boats are good for individual fishermen because they are really easy to manage. This type of fishing boat has a high strength-to-weight ratio making it easy to carry by just one person. It is also easy to load on an ordinary vehicle and set into the water when you are ready to use it. Another factor that adds to the aluminum fishing boatx92s versatility is that it is easy to upgrade. This boat allows you to install some features that you may want.

Also, you canx92t question the durability of an aluminum fishing boat. They sport a solid construction with metal pieces welded along the boatx92s seams which prevents water from getting inside and makes joint disconnection less likely to happen. Unlike fiberglass fishing boats that usually shatter, aluminum fishing boats withstand impacts by means of deforming into dents or dings which can simply be hammered out.

An aluminum fishing boat is undoubtedly a good investment. Because it is lighter, it requires a smaller motor that require less fuel to operate. Talking about maintenance, an aluminum fishing boat just needs regular cleaning and not routine maintenance like waxing. With its many advantages, an aluminum fishing boat is truly of great value.