Bull Dog Training

The bulldog is a very unique breed of dog that requires specific kinds of training, health care and exercise. Bulldog owners must therefore gain an understanding of this breed so that they can take good care of their pets. One of the most important forms of training that dog owners should give their dogs is toilet training. This is because dog owners do not want their dogs doing their business on their rugs and floors. The following section provides some guidelines on how you can train your bulldog to do his business in the proper way.

The Pen

One of the first things that you need to do is to provide your puppy with a pen that has two separate areas. It is a good idea to keep him in the pen as much as possible and to play with him while he is there so that he will understand that it is his pen. Then you should cover the whole floor area of the pen with newspaper. Half of the pen should serve as his ‘living quarters,’ and this area should be covered with a blanket. The other half would serve as the ‘toilet’ where he can do his business.

When he does his business on the ‘toilet’ side, clear away the newspaper but leave some trace of the soiled newspaper because the bulldog will look for that same spot and do his business there again. Once he gets the idea, you can occasionally let him out of the pen but near the newspaper so that he can do his business there. In time, you can bring your bulldog on outside trips, and you can also apply the same principle if you wish for him to do his business in the garden or the yard.

Dogs are animals of habit, and bulldogs are no different. These simple steps can help you toilet train your bulldog and relieve you of the stress of finding little ‘packages’ on your living room rug.

Building Materials

Building materials consist of lumber, steel, concrete, etc. A large part of the cost of construction is due to the building materials used. That’s why it is important to find good building material distributors. Costs of building materials vary between different vendors and so does their quality. Negotiations on rates will reduce the overall construction cost by a huge amount.

It becomes imperative to double-check the correct amount of building materials that would be needed for construction before embarking on the project. This would ensure that one is not left with unused material once the construction is complete. It also becomes easier to negotiate prices when one has a clear picture of the correct amount of materials needed.

Materials for building must be purchased for their performance rather than looks. While buying stone, brick, concrete and other such fundamental building blocks, it is the rigidity and tenacity that matters and not just their aesthetics. It is wise to know well in advance what purpose the construction will offer before zeroing in on a particular construction block.

There has been a wide range of building materials used over the ages. Almost every moldable and adherent substance has been used at one point of time or the other as a building tool. People have used substances like mud, metal, even plastic and glass to craft building structures. Nowadays, steel and glass are much in vogue for office buildings, while brick still remains the popular choice for residences.

Apart from the basic construction material, there is requirement of cement, concrete, limestone, sand and other adhesive and protective materials. Again these materials should be selected for their efficiency. New materials with modifications are continually thronging the market.

One important factor in the availability of building material is the location. Locally available materials are cheaper and more easily found than materials imported from foreign places.

Ancient structures are still built with traditional materials like wood and stone as in Victorian, Georgian and Edwardian homes. People in the tropical rainforests of Africa use anything from animal hide to tree leaves to construct their tent settlements called yurts, while the Eskimos are famous for building their igloos entirely of ice blocks. Wood is considered by many people even today for its tremendous visual appeal. It can be acclimatized to any type of environment and can be made pest-resistant and water-resistant. It can be made to be highly tenacious and flexible. Compressed wood is known to be very strong.

In recent times, green building materials have gained a reputation for being highly environmentally friendly. These materials are composed of renewable materials, and hence they can get degraded in the environment and do not pose an ecological threat. However, the use of green building materials is still a developing field as of now.

Breast Enhancers

Breast enhancement entails the use of different techniques and methods to artificially enhance the size of the breast. The allure of well-proportioned breasts and generous cleavage is a not just a male fixation. Breast enhancement is one of the most popular cosmetic procedures chosen by women. The motivation for breast enlargement varies for different individuals, while the ultimate goal remains fairly similar. Whether it is for a well-clothed look, a scintillating silhouette or a zing to self esteem, modern breast enlargement techniques offer cheaper, safer and faster options to satisfy customers.

The breast has one real function, feeding newborn babies. Going by this logic, the size of the breast is irrelevant as long as it performs this basic function. However, in most known societies and cultures, breasts lend themselves to the beauty of the female silhouette, and more often than not, a large size is considered more attractive. The desire for well-formed breasts is as strong as the craving for a well-maintained body or a beautiful face. Women often face the problem of loss of elasticity and firmness after childbirth or due to aging. Breast enhancement offers respite to such individuals.

Breast enhancement is sometimes coupled with breast reconstruction surgery for patients who have undergone mastectomy, or for those who have severely asymmetrical breasts due to certain defects or congenital diseases.

There are several methods of breast enlargement. Breast implants and surgery offer instantaneous gratification. Any surgical method for breast enhancement should be done by an expert surgeon. It is essential to explore, investigate and educate oneself about the pros and cons of surgery, type of implant, the surgeon, and to ascertain if one really needs to undergo surgery. There are many herbal and non-surgical methods, like exercise, pills, creams etc, for breast augmentation. All the methods need to be researched thoroughly for any possible side or adverse effects and for their claimed effectiveness. Going in for breast enhancement is a personal decision that has to be made in an educated and informed manner.

Breast Enhancement

Breast enhancement, or augmentation mamoplasty, is a cosmetic surgery performed to enhance the size and shape of breasts. The chief objective in doing so is to increase the person’s sex appeal.

Breast enhancement has been in the center of controversy for three decades. It is supposed to be a risky procedure, causing certain disorders in the anatomy of the person, and the debate is whether it is prudent to gamble with health for the sake of obtaining that elusive hourglass figure. That notwithstanding, it is the second-most common prosthetic procedure, and in the year 2003 itself there had been 280,401 breast implants in the US alone.

Though the debate over breast implants is a fairly contemporary phenomenon, the surgery itself is not that modern. Historical evidences show that Japanese women used to inject silicones directly into their breasts during the World War II.

Before the discovery of silicone as an implant material, other materials such as paraffin were used for breast implants. Thomas Cronin and Frank Gerow, two plastic surgeons from Houston, were the first to develop silicone as a transplant material with the Dow Corning Corporation in 1961 and the first transplant was done on a woman in 1962.

One of the chief objections in this cosmetic prosthesis is the use of silicone gel, which has been restricted as an implant material by the Food and Drug Administration in the US. Breast implants have been suspected of causing autoimmune disease, however there is no documentation to validate this fact. Known hazards of breast augmentation are asymmetry, visibility, palpability, rupture, deflation, infection, scarring, and hardening of the capsule of the implant.

The strongest objection against breast implants comes from feminist groups who view it as a subjugation of women to men to pander to their sexual desires. It is not unknown of starlets and media women who undergo such surgeries to boost their careers; and in the process, giving vent to the allocution that it is a man’s world.

Breast Enhancement Surgery

Breast enhancement surgery includes breast augmentation and breast implants. A few advantages of enhancement surgery are proven and predictable results. The surgery is one of the most expensive methods for breast enhancement and enlargement. The surgery generally consists of a surgical implantation of sacs filled with saline under the breast tissue.

Currently, all women undergoing the surgery receive saline filled implants consisting of a silicone shell filled with saltwater. A small incision is needed for this surgery. The incision can be made either within the armpit, underneath the breast or at the lower edge of the areola (pigmented skin surrounding the nipple).

The incision usually measures less than one inch. A pocket is then created either directly behind the breast tissue or under the pectoral muscle, which is located between the chest wall and breast tissue. Patients who decide to have breast enhancement surgery have the risk of asymmetry, visibility, palpability, rupture, deflation, infection and scarring.

Other materials used for enhancement surgery are silicone shells filled with silicone gel. Silicone shells are currently not available in America because the FDA is conducting trials on a new type of silicone gel that is believed to decrease the instances of leakage.

String Implants are a much less common type of implants, but they can help achieve the largest size of breasts possible. String implants continue to grow after surgery. Adult entertainers mostly favor this kind of surgery.

A new form of implant is in progress called the Tissue Engineered Implant. This type of implant works on the principle that cells are taken from the body of the patient and are then combined with the proper scaffold material to prepare the Tissue Engineered Breast Implants. There are no risks of leakage or rupture in this process. Also, the size of the implants remains stable.

Bladeless Lasik

Traditionally, a LASIK surgery involves a microkeratome or a metal blade that cuts the corneal flap, which is folded back before the surgeon applies laser energy for reshaping the cornea. This method has been well in practice since the time LASIK eye surgery has been discovered. However, due to the unpredictability of the performance of this equipment and repeated reports of them being the source of frequent complications, the bladeless LASIK or the IntraLase technology has come into vogue. The bladeless technology employs a computer controlled laser rather than a handheld mechanical device as used in regular LASIK surgery, and is considered a safer and better option.

IntraLase LASIK is also known as Femtosecond technology. It is used to create the flap in the cornea. Energy pulses are applied on the eye at a rate of one quadrillion per second. While the traditional LASIK surgery employs the microkeratome for creating the flap, an IntraLase aims at cutting the flap on the surface of the eye. The typical advantages of a bladeless LASIK includes reduced flap related complications, lesser instances of dry eye syndrome and improved control over the creation of the flap size and depth. All this is directly related to the post surgical eye conditions of the patient including the various symptoms affecting the visual quality after the operation.

IntraLase or bladeless surgery is also considered to produce a consistent thickness in the flap from one edge to the other, the accuracy of which has been unprecedented in flap creation technology. With a better flap stability demonstrated in bladeless LASIK surgery, the possibilities of flap complications such as partial flaps, free flaps, or flap dislocation can be reduced or eliminated to a great extent.

Black Christian Singles

Not much difference is seen when we analyze and observe the black Christian singles community. The pressure felt by Christian singles is shared equally by black Christian singles too. The tension of being single for the rest of their lives is just as present in their lives.

But as with the other Christian singles, black Christian singles too have to put in complete faith in God and interact with all other singles. If there is a special someone destined for you, he or she will definitely step into your life.

A number of online networks exist to facilitate black Christian singles in meeting and knowing each other. Some dating networks are free, which means one can join in without having to pay any membership free, but others usually charge a membership fee if you want to use their services. Usually even the paid networks provide a few days’ free trial membership, which enables singles to test whether they like the network or not. And there are some like Soul Singles which provide free profile creation, but ask for a fee when using its services.

Fusion 101, eHarmony, Soul Singles, Big Church, Equally Yoked, Beliefnet’s Soulmatch, True.com, and My Enamour are some networks which help singles to create profiles, browse and view profiles of other singles, send emails, chat, and do much more online.

Free networks include African American Singles, American Singles, Fusion 101, African American Passions, and Mocha Kafe.

Besides the aforementioned sites for young and adult black Christian singles, special networks exist, especially catering to the interests of mature, adult black Christian singles. Single Sites is one network which is completely devoted to such singles.

Equally Yoked and Metrodate are two dating online networks which often organize cruise offers and events in cities too, which members can attend and meet other singles of their area.

In this vast world, millions of singles exist, most with the hope of finding their special partner. Dating is there to help you find a mate. Determination in your life and undying faith in God allows you to get the best out of your life.

Birth Injury Lawyers

Birth injury lawyers deal with injuries that arise during the process of birth. Birth injuries can occur during pregnancy, labor, delivery or just after birth. If the birth injuries are found to be unavoidable, they do not qualify for compensation. But in case the birth injury is caused by medical negligence and has devastating consequences (like cerebral palsy, mental retardation, paralysis etc.), they can be grounds for compensation. Since birth injury legalities involve complex medical and litigation issues, it is better to hire a birth injury lawyer to handle the case.

It is quite overwhelming for parents to come to terms with the disabilities of their child. To cure such injuries, a lot of money, effort and time must be spent. And on top of this, if this condition is caused due to error on someone’s part, it is appropriate to get the compensation due.

In such times, it is better to hire a good lawyer to handle your case for you. A lawyer can undertake timely investigations and evaluate the child’s condition to assess whether the birth injury was a result of medical negligence or not. Such lawyers can be located through law-related associations and societies and directories, or on the Internet. Before hiring such a professional, check that he has successfully handled such cases before, and fully understands the issues that arise in birth injury cases. He should be able to give you a fair idea of where your case stands. And lastly, determine the fee and put every detail in the contract to avoid any misunderstandings. After all, you want your troubles to be reduced, not compounded.

Birth Injury Attorneys

An alarming number of birth injuries have been recorded in the U.S. in the recent past. Such injuries, arising out of complications during labor and delivery, can have effects ranging from mild bruising to brain damage, permanent disability, or even death. While mild birth injuries such as forceps marks are quite common, a doctor must anticipate and monitor more serious complications or face the threat of a lawsuit.

Oxygen deprivation during birth can result in severe brain damage, seizures, mental retardation, or other behavioral and emotional disabilities. In some cases, oxygen deprivation can be caused by natural factors such as the size or position of the baby. However, serious birth injuries can also be caused by mistakes made by the medical team. Infants who survive birth injuries often need to be rehabilitated over many years, even if they are not permanently disabled.

If your child has suffered a birth injury due to medical negligence, you are entitled to compensation, which a birth injury attorney can help you to get. Even if you are unaware of the actual extent of the injury caused, consult an experienced birth injury attorney immediately after the birth of the child. Medical negligence is usually very difficult to prove and a good birth injury attorney will help safeguard any evidence, build a proper case, and figure out the damages likely to arise as a result of the injury.

Time is of the essence to ensure that hospital records are not lost or destroyed over time and that relevant witnesses can still be located. A birth injury attorney will also ensure that you file a case before the statute of limitations applicable to your state expires. Any hospital or doctor fearing a potential lawsuit will also start putting their own legal process into motion, so no time must be wasted in hiring an experienced birth injury attorney who will evaluate the damages and help you obtain them.

It is not easy to live with the aftereffects of birth injuries, so don’t let a hospital or a doctor coerce you into a hasty and inadequate settlement without consulting a birth injury attorney.

Bipolar Tests

The key to a successful treatment of a bipolar disorder is the right diagnosis. Diagnosis may not be so easy because its symptoms are episodic. Thus, a comprehensive history is needed. Though it is a psychological illness, an exhaustive medical history and physical exam are also needed to rule out any physical cause of the symptoms of the mood disorder.

A detailed history taking and mental status examination is essential to the diagnosis of bipolar disorder. A complete history of both the present and past symptoms must be taken. Generally, depressed patients experience psychomotor retardation and have decreased activity. They have a decreased rate and volume of speech. Some may have delusions and hallucinations. They have a pessimistic view of themselves and of the world. Majority of them have attempted suicide or contemplated about it. In contrast, manic patients are very euphoric, excited and hyperactive. They are amusing to interview and they may sometimes even appear psychotic. They can have a low frustration tolerance and become very irritable.

Their speech becomes louder, faster and difficult to interpret as they can be filled with jokes, rhymes, word salad, neologisms and irrelevancies. They have difficulty concentrating on one topic and exhibit flight of ideas. Majority of manic persons have delusions of grandeur. They often boast of extraordinary abilities, affluence or power. Manic persons can be assaultive. Their judgment is impaired.

A thorough medical history and physical exam should be taken to exclude any possible physical causes of mood swings such as injury (e.g. head injury), multi-organ diseases (e.g. lupus, AIDS, etc), metabolic abnormalities (e.g. hypothyroidism, vitamin B12 deficiency, salt imbalances, diabetes, etc.), adrenal disorders (e.g. Addison’s disease, Cushing’s syndrome, etc.) and neurological disorders (e.g. epilepsy, brain tumors, encephalitis, multiple sclerosis, etc.). Medications taken by the patient should also be accounted for because corticosteroids and drugs used to treat Parkinson’s, depression and anxiety can cause the same mood symptoms. Blood and urine tests for drugs and alcohol are also advised to rule out physiological effects of these substances.

A detailed family history should also be asked because recent studies show that bipolar disorder has a strong genetic link.