Adult Acne Medication

Acne is a skin condition that affects areas of the body containing the largest oil glands, such as the nose, forehead, cheeks, chin, back, and trunk. It is caused by a disorder of the oil glands, called sebaceous glands, and results in clogged pores and outbreaks of lesions also known as pimples.

Although acne is not a serious health threat, severe acne can be painful and can cause permanent scarring, which can be distressing for people who suffer from the condition.

Not everyone has the same degree of acne severity; therefore, treatments vary from person to person. Since acne attacks different people differently, the best acne cures for one person may not be the best acne cures for another.

The good news is that there are many modern treatments for acne which include medical, natural and home remedies. The first step in keeping your skin acne-free is by cleaning and keeping it oil-free. Do this by gently washing with soap and water twice a day, especially following activities that cause perspiration.

A dermatologist should be consulted if your acne is severe. He may prescribe tretinoin or accutane for acute cases, both of which are available only by prescription. If required, your doctor can prescribe a range of antibiotics in pill form, such as tetracycline. If you do not want to consult a doctor or dermatologist, find effective over-the-counter acne treatments such as topical salves and creams that contain benzoyl peroxide, or a five-percent solution of tea tree oil.

Blemishes can be dried up with a variety of acne products that contain salicylic acid, sulfur, or resorcinol, such as grapefruit juice. For serious cases, look for advice regarding nutrition, lifestyle changes, topical medications, and antibiotics that fight bacteria.

Adult Acne Home Remedies

The bane of youth and adults everywhere, acne is the result of excess oil secretions, compounded by microbial infection. While acne is hereditary to some degree, stress is also a major contributor. In addition, many women often suffer from acne during their menstrual periods as a result of hormonal changes. The underlying truth is that acne doesn’t discriminate by age and gender.

So what can one do to fight the pestering and reoccurring acne? Some of the tried and tested home remedies include applying toothpaste on your acne before going to bed, which helps to reduce swelling overnight; dabbing egg white on your acne, as this is supposed to ‘Suck Out’ the nasty stuff; washing your face twice a day in warm salty water, and icing down the acne before bed, thereby making it noticeably better by morning. Another good option is to apply strawberry leaves on the acne, as the alkalinity of the leaves helps reduce the swelling.

Some very important points should be kept in mind while treating acne outburst at home. These include: avoid scrubbing and squeezing acne; wash or bathe regularly to keep the skin bacteria-free; avoid agents, such as soap, which dry the skin; and follow a good balanced diet. A good option is to increase your vitamin C intake by eating plenty of raw fruits and vegetables. In addition, it is healthy to reduce intake of sugar and fat consumption.

A facial mask containing ingredients such as tea tree oil, fresh garlic cloves, bruised cabbage leaves and witch hazel helps by reducing the swelling and cleaning pores.

Though most of acne home remedies sound bizarre, they have helped some people and can help you as well. What’s even better? Acne home remedies cost you nothing!

Adult Acne Causes

Regardless of age, acne is a condition of the sebaceous glands, which are attached to hair follicles and produce an oily substance called sebum. When a hair follicle becomes plugged with sebum and dead cells, an infection develops, which results in acne. Therefore, it is important to look after you skin to avoid or prevent acne.

Research has shown that stress can induce acne and have a profound impact on its development and subsequent spread. When under stress, the body produces hormonal steroids, such as cortisol, which targets the skin in a disruptive manner and results in acne flare-ups.

Research also suggests that coffee stimulates the production of cortisol and influences the outbreak of acne, just like stress. Coffee may be a promoter of acne, and its consumption should thus be limited. It is also seen that most people with a history of family acne are prone to acne on similar lines.  

Hormonal changes play an important role in the outburst of body acne. Many women find they break out in acne when they get their menstrual periods, or when pregnant. Some women experience acne even during menopause. During puberty, the male hormone androgen is present in both male and female bodies. Androgen can enlarge the sebaceous glands in hair follicles, leading to greater amounts of oily sebum being produced and resulting in acne.

Certain medications can also promote acne development in the body. These include testosterone, birth control pills, and medications for endometriosis, steroids, Dilantin, and lithium. Body acne is common to most people and often harder to treat than facial acne. Since the back is made up of thousands of sebaceous glands that produce excess levels of oil, it makes the area more susceptible to the formation of cysts and nodules.

Considering the numerous reasons for development of acne in adults, it is essential to isolate the root cause of acne before attempting to treat it.

ADHD Medication

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurological condition that is manifested as distractibility, mood shifts, hyperactivity, poor impulse control, and forgetfulness. It is most frequently diagnosed in children. It is typically considered as a neurological disorder that is not curable but can be kept under control through effective treatments. Medication, psychotherapy and a combination of both as well, are used to treat the symptoms of this disorder. Over a period of time, most patients are capable of managing the associated symptoms even without any medication.

Stimulants are the initial line of medication that is used to treat ADHD. They function by exciting specific regions of the brain that are in charge of focus, concentration, and control of impulse. The stimulants trigger the inhibitory and self-managing machinery of the brain thereby making the individual exhibit greater self-control.

Methylphenidate is a class of medication used as a stimulant. This is available readily in the market under the brand names of Focalin, Methylin, Ritalin, or Metadate. They are prescribed in various strengths and dosage, based on their potency. The effects of medication last from four to six hours per dose, to 10-12 hours per day.

Amphetamines are a class of drugs that are also used to cure the symptoms of ADHD. Dexedrine is one of the brand names of this class of drug in the market. It has regular formulation whose duration is 4×966 hours per dose, and long lasting formulation that lasts for 8-12 hours per dose.

Adderall is a blend of dextroamphetamine and laevoamphetamine salts and is available in different formulations. Desoxyn is the trade name of a Methamphetamine that is also found to be an effective treatment for symptoms of ADHD.

Atomoxetine, a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (NRI) is the latest class of drug that is used to treat ADHD. This is not a stimulant and functions by inhibiting the uptake of norepinephrine, which is a neurotransmitter in the brain.

Medication has been shown to afford noteworthy benefits to many children and adults with ADHD. They have been known to reduce ADHD symptoms of disturbing and belligerent behavior and at the same time augment academic performance and relationships with contemporaries and family members.

Addictions

Addiction can be defined as a compulsive need for a habit-forming substance. Addiction is associated primarily with narcotic drugs or alcohol. However, a person can be addicted to anything, not just drugs and alcohol but also soft drinks, tea, coffee, driving fast cars, tobacco, gambling, food, or even sex, pornography, computers, work, and shopping / spending. While eating disorders, like other behavioral addictions, are usually considered primarily psychological disorders, they are sometimes treated as addictions, especially if they include elements of addictive behavior. For example, common food substances, especially chocolate, caffeine, sugar and salt, may have the potential for addiction. Thus addiction is basically being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming.

An addicted person is under the uncontrollable compulsion to repeat a behavior regardless of its consequences. Even though the addict might be aware of the consequences, he or she cannot control the habit to avoid repeating the act. Many drugs or behaviors can precipitate a pattern of conditions recognized as addiction, which include a craving for more of the drug or behavior, increased physiological tolerance to exposure, and withdrawal symptoms in the absence of the stimulus. Most drugs and behaviors that directly provide either pleasure or relief from pain pose a risk of dependency, leading to addiction.

The medical fraternity categorizes the addiction into two categories: dependence (withdrawals) and psychological addiction (or simply addiction). Physical dependency on a substance is defined by the appearance of characteristic withdrawal symptoms when the drug or the habit-forming substance is suddenly discontinued due to any reason. For example, opioids, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, alcohol and nicotine are all known for their ability to induce physical dependence. Psychological addictions are a dependency of the mind rather than body, and lead to psychological withdrawal symptoms.

Many treatments are available to get rid of addictions. Rehabilitation centers work across the globe to make people get rid of their addictions. There are many psychiatrists who work in the field of rehabilitation. If noticed and treated at the initial stage, habits can be prevented from becoming addictions.

Addiction Recoveries

Any kind of physical or emotional dependency on any kind of substance is called addiction. A person is usually known as an addict when he becomes so accustomed to the use of a particular substance that he or she starts behaving abnormally without access to the substance.

In cases of severe drug addictions, the mind of an individual stops functioning properly, leading to lots of problems. A person, when addicted, is not capable of doing any other work properly, leading to physical, emotional and financial agonies.

Once a person gets addicted, it is not easy to break the addiction. But serious attempts to stop the use of drugs can make a person recover from the addictions. There are varieties of addiction recovery programs available to help addicts once again live a normal life. Methods of recovery vary according to the drugs involved and the needs of the individual.

One of the most popular de-addiction programs is the 12-step recovery program, whose members attempt recovery from various addictions and compulsions through the use of a plan referred to as the “twelve steps”. Another addiction recovery program, known as substance abuse rehabilitation, is a process of medical and/or psychotherapeutic treatment, for dependency on psychoactive substances. Substance-abuse rehabilitation centers usually offer in-house residential treatment programs for seriously addicted patients in order to isolate them from drugs and interactions with other users and dealers. The outpatient clinics usually offer a combination of individual counseling, group counseling, and prescriptions for drugs such as methadone. Various other addiction recovery treatments, such as acupuncture, are used to help alleviate symptoms as well.

Addiction recoveries are possible, but apart from the treatment, a lot of love and support by the friends and family is needed for the patient to come out of the addiction and start life afresh.

Acne Solutions

The onset of puberty is often signaled by the appearance of tiny reddish bumps on the skin – especially the face. These bumps or pimples better as acne become infected and scar the skin, sending teenagers and adults rushing to the medicine cabinet for an instant cure.

Acne is one of the commonest skin disorders. It is an infection of the skin, accompanied by an increased production of oil by the sebaceous glands. This oil combines with dead skin cells and the resulting debris blocks hair follicles. Such conditions are ideal for skin bacteria that multiply quickly giving the skin a swollen, red and somewhat embarrassing appearance. Acne affects much more than the skin. It influences personality and self-esteem.

The causes of acne are not yet fully understood. As a result, there is no real antidote. It is believed that the hormonal surge that accompanies puberty is responsible for acne. Hyperactivity of the sebaceous glands, excessive dead skin cells, bacterial infections and chemicals like chlorine are also listed as causes. There are as many myths about the causes of acne as there are facts. It is believed that consumption of fatty foods like butter; greasy food, chocolates and sugar are causes. These suggestions lack scientific evidence.

Cures for acne are designed to tackle bacterial infection, reduce the secretion of oil glands and remove dead skin cells. Creams and lotions which crowd super market shelves offer a four-fold benefit to the user. These include eradication of the infection, removal of dead cells, stemming the production of oil and masking the discomfiting bumps and scars caused by acne. It is always advisable to consult a dermatologist before using a skin lotion or ointment for acne. There are a few precautions one can take to reduce the effects of acne. These are, washing the face regularly using warm water and a mild soap. You should also avoid squeezing pimples, strong sunlight and excessive use of makeup.

While acne often disappears in adulthood, it could leave deep scars and skin blemishes on the body. Dermatologists and plastic surgeons have developed several techniques to mask facial scars. Some of these are dermabrasion, laser resurfacing and punch excision. Chemical peels that remove dead skin layers are also widely used. Stress is known to increase acne in some people. Exercise and controlled diet help reduces stress and the spread of acne. Acne cannot be prevented, but judicious use of available solutions goes along way in reducing its impact on the skin and more importantly on the mind.

Acne Skin Care

Acne is the scourge of the teenage years and a source of great distress and embarrassment at an age when young people are most conscious of their appearance. Almost no teenager, or adult for that matter, is spared a prolonged period of acne problems.

Pubescent girls are generally affected to a more serious degree because of the hormonal upsurges associated with the onset of menstruation. Basically, acne is the result of increased hormonal activity, which causes excess oil production in the skin’s sebaceous glands. Unfortunately, the areas most affected by acne are those which are almost constantly visible with today’s youthful fashion trends.

In extreme and far from rare cases, acne can lead to extensive and permanent scarring. Because of the emotional trauma attached to this disorder, it has assumed top priority status among problems that must be avoided at all costs, but this is easier said than done.

It has now been proved that oil-saturated foods, chocolate, poor skin hygiene and emotional upset actually play no role in acne occurrence at all, so there go a number of time-honored prevention targets. In fact, the most widely employed means of addressing the problem of acne – camouflaging cosmetics – are actually among the main acne aggravators. Many of them cause subtle skin changes that exacerbate acne occurrence. They can also cause the obstruction of the sebaceous glands, thereby preventing the free drainage of excessive oils. Often, this even applies to some of the so-called acne-prevention compounds.

While there is apparently very little an individual can do to prevent acne, there are now effective methods of treating it medically. However, for optimal results, these must necessarily be employed before serious disfigurement can take place. Since these treatments may involve hormone manipulation, they must take place under strict medical supervision.

Acne Skin Care Centers

Many skin care centers focus on treating acne and keeping it under control. The focus of such establishments is not symptomatic treatment but overall control and prevention. This often includes stress management, lifestyle advice, and personal counseling.

While the modus operandi may vary from center to center, most of them provide certain standard services. For instance, almost all acne care centers advocate the use of retinoids (which are Vitamin A-based) to prevent abnormal skin cell proliferation. Others will employ the use of therapeutic light (or photodynamic) therapy. All of them will include hygiene and exercise in their program, and quite a few even offer acne surgery where extensive scarring has taken place. This last option is, of course, a highly specialized medical field and can therefore, if advocated, be seriously considered at a certified acne care center.

Medical experts at these centers will also emphasize proper liver function, dietary adjustments, soundness of the digestive system and overall internal health. Depending on the orientation of its treatment program, the center will employ either pharmacological, homeopathic or organic (natural) treatment modules or subtle combinations of all of them.

There are various center specializing in acne care and treatment in America including the American Dermatology Center, Perfect Skin Laser Center, and the Fayces Skin Care Center.

People who feel that their acne needs overall professional care should contact an acne care center.

Acne Scars

Scarring is an inevitable outcome of significant skin inflammation. The deeper the scars, the longer it takes to completely remove them. Acne scars are caused by either increased tissue formation or loss of tissue. The best possible means for prevention of acne scars can be its early and complete treatment.

The selection of the method for acne scar treatment depends mainly on the morphology of the scar. Dermabrasion, microdermabrasion, laser resurfacing, punch excision, subcision, skin grafting, dermal filler, and chemical peels are the commonly used scar treatment methods.

Dermabrasion involves the cutting down of the normal skin with a power-driven hand piece to make the scar look less pitted. Its use has decreased because of the associated risk of blood-borne diseases with it. Also, it fails as a therapy for all kinds of scars. Microdermabrasion is a new technique which achieves surface skin removal for acne treatment by making use of aluminum oxide crystals passing through a vacuum tube. This option for acne treatment holds the advantage of causing no additional wounds.

The technique of laser resurfacing holds the benefit of being more precise, safer, controlled and less operator dependent than dermabrasion technique. Lasers of various wavelength and intensity may be used depending upon the desired results. The carbon dioxide laser that emits light at a wavelength of 10,600 nanometer (nm) may be used to actually remove the tissue. The laser treatment has the requirement of a local or general anesthetic and potential of causing both bacterial and viral infection. The other disadvantages are its possible inability to remove very-deep scarring and causing further scarring (rare). This procedure cannot be used for hypertrophic and keloid scars.

The punch excision method makes use of a punch tool to excise the scar and thereby remove ice-pick scars. The procedure of subcision makes use of a surgical probe to detach the scar from deeper tissues and thereby elevate a depressed scar.

The method of skin grafting which implants a small piece of skin into the scar site helps treat pitted scar. Dermal fillers, a non-surgical procedure, are a means of supplementing the skin’s collagen to help treat scars.

During the chemical peel procedure, the top layers of the skin are treated with a chemical solution, most commonly alpha-hydroxy acids, such as glycolic, salicylic, or lactic acid. Chemical peel solutions help to unblock the pores, open the blackheads and whiteheads, and stimulate dermal regeneration.