Alcohol Detox

Alcohol detox implies the removal of alcohol from the body of an alcoholic. Alcohol detox is brought about by abstinence from alcohol, medication, and altering the diet of the patient. Detox is not possible without support from friends and family and a commitment on the part of the patient.

The liver and kidneys normally carry out detoxification in the body. However in hardened alcoholics, alternative detoxification processes become necessary. There are several general practitioners, nurses, and pharmacists who volunteer in detox centers for alcoholics.

In most cases, detoxification can be done at home. This is when the alcohol consumption is moderate, but in complicated cases that involve symptoms such as hallucinations, severe withdrawal symptoms, and multi-substance misuse, inpatient detoxification becomes necessary. Volunteers even conduct community detox programs, usually in compliance with the Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). Alcoholics attending AA meetings are stressed upon the need to be determined to give up alcohol.

In extreme cases, medication is used to detoxify heavy drinkers. This is also termed pharmacological detoxification. Here, the patients are forewarned that they may suffer anxiety and insomnia for a couple of days. The most common drugs used for alcohol detoxification are benzodiazepines, with Chlordiazepoxide being the most preferred benzodiazepine used. Diazepam is also widely used, but fatal effects may occur if it is mixed with huge doses of alcohol. Hence, supervision is necessary for use of diazepam as a detoxifier.

A detoxification session usually lasts 5 to 6 weeks. The diet is to be protein-rich and with a generous amount of fiber and fluids, and the person should consume water throughout the day. Since most alcoholics have sugar problems, hypoglycemic substances should be consumed. Parsley and chamomile teas are effective alkaloids which stimulate kidney elimination processes.

Inpatient detox is carried out in rehabilitation centers, but there is a social stigma attached to being admitted in such rehab centers. Usually, such centers are located in the lesser-developed areas of the country, causing people from affluent classes to be reluctant to be admitted in them. Also, the ratio of workers to patients is generally 1:4, meaning that there is an emphasis on self-care.

Age Related Macular Degeneration

Age-related Macular Degeneration or AMD is a common eye disease that causes progressive damage to the central part of the retina, also known as the Macula. AMD is the leading cause of visual impairment in the United States, and blindness in senior citizens of America, aged 65 and older.

As people age, the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), which supplies nutrients from the choroid (layer of blood vessels that nourishes the cones and rods of the retina) to the retina and helps remove waste products, may deteriorate. This results in the formation of waste deposits and the light-sensitive cells of the macula may be damaged due to lack of nutrients. The normal signals sent through the optic nerve to the brain by these cells become disrupted and the vision becomes blurred.

According to the estimate of Archives of Ophthalmology in 2004, approximately 1.75 million U.S. residents have indicative symptoms associated with AMD or age-related macular degeneration. The number is expected to grow to almost 3 million by 2020 according to this estimate.

Age-related Macular Degeneration rarely results in complete blindness but leads to distorted vision and reduces contrast sensitivity and color perception. Peripheral vision may not be affected and victims may be able to see from the corners of their eyes. However, in the worst cases, AMD or Age-related Macular Degeneration may result in a complete loss of vision or lead to blindness.

Although the chances for developing AMD or age-related Macular Degeneration increase radically as people age, researchers suspect an association between development of AMD and occurrence of a variant of a gene known as complement factor H (CFH). The cause of this eye disease may also be related to nutrition, smoking, and sunlight or as a side effect of a particular drug.

Affordable Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgery costs are typically very high. Individuals are always in a dilemma whether to go in for such an expensive procedure and whether the results would be worth the expenses. Until a few decades back, plastic surgery was restricted to just a few Hollywood beauties. However, with recent developments, the price has come down quite a bit and is now within the reach of the common individual.

It is essential to consider the cosmetic surgery costs in totality. Apart from the mere physical or external change, the boost given to an individual’s self-esteem cannot be ignored.

The cost of plastic surgery is dependent on several factors. It is influenced by the need of the individual and the part of the anatomy that has to undergo surgery. Hence, the cost of a tummy tuck will be different that the cost of a face-lift. Each surgery type and method depends largely on whom it is to be performed on, as it is based on various factors such as the extent of damage, length of the surgery, risk involved, and the amount of work that is required.

It is also important to keep in mind that the doctors’ rates keep changing, and, hence, there is a lot of fluctuation in cost. Renowned doctors are typically known to charge more than those who haven’t had as much experience.

Location is also another important factor, as doctors practicing in big cities definitely charge more for the same procedure than those practicing in a more rural area. This is basically because they have more important clients, and the demand for their services is quite high.

Plastic surgery, though desired by many, is still within the reach of a mere handful. This is because of the exorbitant cost involved in plastic surgery. However, as a result of the rising popularity and the increasing competition, the rates are reduced to a great extent.

Advanced Mesothelioma Symptoms

Mesothelioma symptoms tend to develop gradually, and earlier symptoms are often confused for illnesses that are more amenable to treatment. For example, the cough, difficulty breathing, and chest pain experienced in pleural mesothelioma is often seen in lung infections such as pneumonia. Typically, once symptoms are more pronounced the cancer is fairly advanced and treatment becomes less effective.

In advanced pleural mesothelioma, chest pain and pain under the ribcage may become more pronounced; back pain may also be present. Coughing may be present; blood may also be coughed up. Hoarseness and swelling of the face and arms may be seen. Patients may also experience muscle weakness and sensory loss. In advanced peritoneal mesothelioma, abdominal symptoms become more pronounced. These include a swelling or lump in the abdomen, abdominal distension due to a collection of fluid in the abdominal cavity, abdominal pain, constipation due to bowel obstruction, nausea and vomiting, and appetite loss. If there is a lot of abdominal fluid, breathing may become increasingly difficult. The feet may become swollen. In advanced pericardial mesothelioma, coughing, worsening breathlessness, palpitations and chest pain may be experienced.

In all types of malignant mesothelioma, generalized symptoms such as fever, unexplained weight loss and fatigue are usually present. Patients with advanced mesothelioma are usually offered palliative treatment to reduce the discomfort from their symptoms. Pleural or abdominal fluid collections may be drained, and substances that prevent further formation and collection of fluid may be placed in the pleural or abdominal cavities. Surgery or radiotherapy may reduce some of the obstructive symptoms, and radiotherapy may be used to reduce pain. One or more anti-cancer drugs may also be used. A number of clinical trials are ongoing to find better ways to provide symptomatic relief to people with advanced malignant mesothelioma.

Adult Scoliosis

Adult Scoliosis is a spinal abnormality that occurs during adulthood, or is a continuation of the disease that was undiagnosed or ignored during childhood or adolescence.

Adult Scoliosis is generally idiopathic, which means that its cause is unknown. However, several other types of Scoliosis also occur in adults. These include congenital curve, paralytic curve, and myopathic deformity.

A congenital curve is present at birth, and if undiagnosed or untreated, may worsen in adulthood due to age and weakening of the spine. This results in Adult Scoliosis. A paralytic curve may be caused by an injury to the spine, while myopathic deformity may result from diseases like polio or cerebral palsy. Degeneration, osteoporosis, and spinal surgery are other causes of Adult Scoliosis.

Signs of Adult Scoliosis include one shoulder or hip higher than the other, a rib or back hump, and one arm longer than the other. Severe cases of Scoliosis are often accompanied by pain because the abnormal curvature creates pressure on the spine. This may even lead to difficulty in walking.

Doctors subject individuals suspected to be suffering from Scoliosis to the Adam’s Forward Bending Test. Test results are confirmed through X-ray, CT scan, or MRI. Treatment options include medication, physical exercise, bracing, and surgery.

Medication is recommended by doctors to relieve pain caused by Scoliosis. Physical exercise, such as walking, cycling, and swimming, helps to keep the body fit and maintain a correct posture. These counter the deforming effect of Scoliosis. Exercise also helps to reduce pain. Physical therapists can design exercise programs to suit the different needs of patients. Bracing in adults is used to ease pain and discomfort rather than prevent worsening of the curve, while surgery is generally used as the last resort.

Surgery becomes essential if the spinal curve is greater than 50 degrees and is accompanied by continuous pain. It is also conducted if the curve is increasing, because this could cause heart and lung problems. In certain cases, deformity caused by the disease necessitates surgery.

To conclude, Scoliosis in adults can be largely avoided through proper treatment of the disease in its early stages, during childhood or adolescence. The earlier the treatment commences, the lesser will be the pain and discomfort, and chances of surgery. Leading a healthy lifestyle can also curb its occurrence during adulthood.

Adult Attention Deficit Disorder

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is usually identifiable in early stages of childhood. There are instances when the disorder continues until adulthood if treatment is not prompt or effective. This is known as Adult Attention Deficit Disorder (AADD). The impact of AADD is severe compared to ADD because as an adult, coping strategies are required to a greater extent with regard to disorganization and other symptoms of the syndrome. The visible signs and symptoms of the disorder in adults are as below:

Impulsiveness. ADD adults have difficulties handling their impulsiveness. Sudden bouts of anger, impulsive spending, butting into conversations, and breaking relationships are all side effects of impulsiveness. This in turn leads to lack of cordial atmosphere and feelings of regret at later stages.

A high level of distraction. The ADD adult is always thinking of a myriad subjects and incidents that leave him/her unfocused and distracted. Apart from this, external stimuli introduce further distraction to the overactive mental process. When the adult leaves home and mixes with the society, he/she is bombarded with words, visuals, and noises that disturb and irritate.

Anxiety and lack of focus. Since the patient is also on the thinking track, there is tendency to do the task at hand with lesser concentration. This leaves them confused as to why mistakes occur in their work or why they leave their work half-completed. The patient resorts to writing important things in hand notes or schedulers.

Impatience. Just like children with ADD, adults too are fidgety with staying put in one place. They are always taking in things, keeping their hands busy, or keeping engaged in multiple activities. This tends to make them feel exhausted at times.

Socializing problems. Making friends, retaining relationships, caring for family members, and working co-operatively with colleagues are a strain for ADD adults due to their impatience and impulsiveness. This further brings down trust levels.

Lack of planning and disorganization. It is difficult for ADD adults to comprehend instructions, work procedures, do time estimates, and complete work within deadlines. They are unable to chalk out tasks involved in an activity and estimate the time likely to be taken for completing each task. This issue is the result of all the factors discussed above.

Memory problems. Short term memory loss is a hurdle for ADD adults that leads them to forget the task at hand or instructions given only a little while before. Their mind tends to jump from though to another in a matter of minutes, leaving them with no idea of the real situation.

Several strategies such as maintaining reminders in mobile phones, keeping notes in calendars and schedulers, attending skill-developing sessions, and deploying pneumonic to remember things would help these adults lead a comparatively normal life.

Adult Acne

When we think of acne, the picture that comes to our minds is that of an adolescent, who is physically changing from a child into an adult. However, acne is not restricted to juveniles only. Both adult and juvenile acne are infections generated by the same bacteria.

Factors that stimulate adult acne are very different from those involved with juvenile acne. Adult onset acne usually involves normal or combination skin or even dry and sensitive skin, rather than oily skin which is the typical cause of juvenile acne. 

In adults, there are a number of other factors that may activate acne. One such major factor is stress, which causes the production of cortisol, a steroidal hormone that promotes acne. Coffee consumption, like stress, also promotes the production of cortisol. Other conditions, such as smoking, low consumption of free fatty acids, and poor diet can also lead to acne outbursts. 

Acne infections stimulate skin production of hydrogen peroxide which generates free radicals. The chemical rebuilding involved in healing infections and repairing skin damage also causes the generation of free radicals. As a result, acne causes premature aging, just like prolonged sun exposure. Control of acne is not only important to the appearance of the skin today, but an important strategy to prevent premature aging of the skin. If skin damage has become a problem, achieve control of acne first and then address the issue of skin rejuvenation.

Most acne products are formatted to cure juvenile acne and contain high concentrations of benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, azelaic acid and other similar agents that can be excessively drying and potentially irritating to adult skin. Adult skin may not tolerate persistent use of such agents, and skin sensitivity may become a hindrance during treatment. It is therefore advised to consult your doctor or dermatologist, before attempting to treat acne yourself.

Adult Acne Solutions

Acne is a common skin infection that affects mostly teenagers. However, not only teens suffer from acne, Adults too are also affected by this problem. A complete understanding of acne continues to baffle experts. What really precipitates acne? Why does it disappear without apparent reason in some adults and persist in others? What we do know is that a hormonal imbalance triggers a sequence of physiological changes in the skin leading to the onset of acne. These events include an excessive production of oil, clogging of hair follicles and bacterial infection.

Acne can cause severe damage to the skin and to a person’s psyche. Acne scars often disfigure the face, causing embarrassment and loss of self-esteem. An early cure is therefore essential. About 5% of adults suffer from acne. This figure does not include women who suffer from transient attacks of acne during menstrual cycles and in pregnancy due to hormonal changes. Although the acne eventually disappears in such cases, it could cause scarring if treatment is delayed or ignored. Adults with acne need a two-fold remedial approach – eradication of acne and surgical procedure to remove acne scars. The following tips could help control adult acne and prevent permanent skin damage.

Early Action: Begin medications as soon as a fresh outbreak of acne occurs. This will help control its spread.

Keep skin clean and moist: Wash face regularly with warm water, and a mild soap. Cleansing solutions containing antibacterial agents like Chloroxylenol are useful in eliminating skin bacteria.

Avoid squeezing pimples: Squeezing spreads the infection and should be avoided. Handle affected areas gently and use soft and clean tissues to dry affected areas after washing.

Use skin lotions containing combinations of salicylic acid and lactic acids: These agents are effective in de-clogging hair follicles and stimulate growth of new skin. Lotions containing combinations of lactic acid with lanolin or similar compounds are also useful in keeping the skin healthy and moist.

Drugs like OrthoTrycyclen have proved useful in controlling acne in pre-menstrual women. If lesions containing pus persist after using topical antibiotics, consult your physician about oral antibiotics.

Nowadays several surgical procedures such as dermal fillers, punch excision, punch excision with skin graft replacement, punch elevation, subcutaneous incision and laser resurfacing are used in removing effects of acne scars. The important thing is to control acne before it controls the way you feel about yourself.

Adult Acne Skin Care

Acne is not a problem limited to teens in the throes of hormonal upheaval. Adult acne happens far more frequently than is generally realized. Broadly speaking, adult acne plagues 25% of adult males and up to 50% of adult females, though it is often not recognized.

The cause of adult acne has not been identified as yet, but there are theories. One of them is that teens and adults share on common nemesis, albeit at different levels – stress. Stress causes internal changes that temporarily disturb hormonal equilibrium, and may just be responsible for pimples that seem to pop up at the worst possible time.

Treatment and damage control for adult acne does not differ drastically from that for teen acne. But considering the ambiguity surrounding the causes, care and prevention are highly personalized issues. Should one, for instance, note that they break out with a rash of zits while reading the latest Stephen King novel or after the monthly argument with their spouse, some changes in reading habits and lifestyle may very well be in order. Adult females are far more given to the use of elaborate and inadvisable makeup regimens than teenagers are, and males are catching up.

While treating adult acne, bear in mind that adult skin is far less resilient and elastic than teen skin. Avoid harsh soaps and ‘skin-stripping’ agents and stick to mild cleaners and generally follow the care and prevention regimen prescribed for teen acne with an added precaution. In adults, there is a reduced ability of skin to re-moisturize naturally after being subjected to the abrasive and dehydrating effects of a compound like benzoyl peroxide. The use of such a compound must necessarily be followed by the application of a hypoallergenic, no-oily moisturizer – preferably made of organic extracts – to reestablish the skin’s natural moisture content.

Adult Acne can be frustrating and embarrassing, but it is treatable. It is advised to contact a dermatologist for chronic adult acne.

Adult Acne Products

Teens aren’t the only ones plagued by acne. True, while acne tends to develop more commonly on the oily skin of teenagers, it chooses a combination or even a dry skin to sprout during the later years.

Often adults sample products available for teens and end up with dry, damaged skin. Teen acne products have a higher concentration of Benzoyl peroxide and other chemicals, which can be damaging to adult skin.

Products recommended for adult acne are usually gentle herbal or natural remedies available as cleansers, herbal tablets, and face washes.

Suited for both adults and teenagers, ZEN MED has a variety of products, proven to be effective in treating acne. ZEN MED Derma Cleanse System which has three products—an acne gel, facial cleansing gel, and cleanse capsules—contains Salicylic acid, Aloe Vera, Vitamins, Allatoin, and more, treating skin, from within and without.

While ZEN MED Scar and Pigmentation Treatment treats scars, ZEN MED Body Acne Combo combats body acne. And products such as 10 1E Acne Getaway and Refresh Acne Solutions are made from Chinese herbs.

Enriched with vitamins and herbs, Actimine is another very effective herbal acne treatment. In contrast to medicated products, Actimine flushes bacteria from within and replenishes vitamins to prevent further skin problems.

Desert Essence 100% Pure Australian Tea Tree Oil and Desert Essence Thoroughly Clean Face Wash with Organic Tea Tree Oil and Awapuhi are two excellent antiseptic toners Tea Tree Oil, which cleanse dirt, while unclogging pores.

Kiss My Face Organics Break out Botanical Acne Gel and Clearasil Adult Care also work to prevent acne.

Though we can’t banish acne forever, we can successfully treat and control it with the right products.