Bronchial Asthma

Asthma is a condition that occurs because of an inflammation of the air passages going to the lungs. Irritation in the airway causes it to become highly sensitive, causing the lining of the path to swell up, which blocks the air going to the lungs. The severity of the disease varies from person to person. For one, it could be as simple as experiencing trouble in breathing. For those severely afflicted, asthma can be a life-threatening condition.

Scale of the Problem

Statistics record that around 100 to 150 million people worldwide suffer from bronchial asthma. It is believed that at no time soon will the numbers decline as time progresses. Mortality rates worldwide is recorded at approximately 180,000 people annually. Twenty-five to 30 years ago, only 2 percent of the Swiss population had the disorder. Recently this figure has risen to 8 percent. In Germany, records show that about four million of its population suffers from bronchial asthma. Medical records in Western Europe show that people suffering from asthma have doubled in the last 10 years. The numbers in the United States of America has risen exponentially. Cases have risen by 60 percent in recent years and deaths are rising by 5,000 in number a year. Japan has three million recorded asthmatic patients. One out of six children below 16 years old is affected by the disease in Australia.

Cause

The rise in bronchial asthma cases has been attributed to urbanization. This theory has never been concluded because indoor allergens have always been identified as the primary risk factor for asthma. Overexposure to tobacco smoke or exposure to chemical irritants can also lead to asthma. A sudden change in the weather, emotional extremes and exercise can trigger asthma attacks as well.

Researchers are still unable to determine the real cause of the 50 percent rise in asthma cases every year throughout the world. There have been cases where hundreds of citizens are afflicted with severe asthma attacks for no apparent reason.

Bridal Corset

Gone are the days when most brides were happy to walk down the aisle in a crisp white gown. These days they not only want their dress to be elegant but also sensual. Many are turning to a custom made wedding corset in exotic fabrics like velvet, satin and silk, that accentuates and flatters their curves giving them an ideal hourglass figure. Many bridal corsets are custom made and have to be ordered a few months before the wedding. But you can pick one from a wide variety of bridal corsets that are available online or in any lingerie shop.

The bride is not the only one who is wearing a corset in today’s wedding. There are Victorian-theme weddings where the entire bridal party wears corsets. The look is stunning on bridesmaids and mothers of the bride and groom. For the modest, a shapely corset may be worn under a jacket. It will add a beautiful shape without showing how!

Some popular bridal corsets are the over busts that suit all kinds of figures. They support the bust and elevate it. You may choose one that has under wired cups. For those who wish to display a flattering slim waistline (corsets can reduce the waist size by 2-7 inches). The under bust flattens the tummy and compliment the feminine form. The corset can usually be detached from the wedding skirt used for other special occasions. There’s nothing like a beautiful and sensuous corset to make you feel ‘special’ on all special occasions.

Bridal Corset

Gone are the days when most brides were happy to walk down the aisle in a crisp white gown. These days they not only want their dress to be elegant but also sensual. Many are turning to a custom made wedding corset in exotic fabrics like velvet, satin and silk, that accentuates and flatters their curves giving them an ideal hourglass figure. Many bridal corsets are custom made and have to be ordered a few months before the wedding. But you can pick one from a wide variety of bridal corsets that are available online or in any lingerie shop.

The bride is not the only one who is wearing a corset in today’s wedding. There are Victorian-theme weddings where the entire bridal party wears corsets. The look is stunning on bridesmaids and mothers of the bride and groom. For the modest, a shapely corset may be worn under a jacket. It will add a beautiful shape without showing how!

Some popular bridal corsets are the over busts that suit all kinds of figures. They support the bust and elevate it. You may choose one that has under wired cups. For those who wish to display a flattering slim waistline (corsets can reduce the waist size by 2-7 inches). The under bust flattens the tummy and compliment the feminine form. The corset can usually be detached from the wedding skirt used for other special occasions. There’s nothing like a beautiful and sensuous corset to make you feel ‘special’ on all special occasions.

Breast Enlargement Surgery

Breast enlargement is the third most common cosmetic surgery performed in the United States. Clinically known as augmentation mamoplasty, surgical breast implants have seen an increase of more than 20% over the past four years.

Mostly, all breast surgery today is performed with saline filled implants that consist of a silicone shell filled with sterile saltwater. Saline filled implants are safe because the body absorbs the saline solution in case the implant ruptures or leaks. At present, the FDA does not approve silicone gel breast implants because they are not proven to be safe.

Women looking for breast enlargement should have realistic expectation of the outcome. Though the implantation can improve an individual’s appearance and self-esteem, the desire to match the looks of one’s ideal won’t necessarily materialize. The outcome will depend upon individual factors such as health, the chest structure and the shape of the body, the type of surgical procedure and the size of implant, prior breast surgery, and the skill and experience of the surgical team.

Prior to the surgery, it is important to ascertain whether the American Board of Plastic Surgery certifies the surgeon. In addition to this, an individual should question the doctor regarding the risk or complications involved in breast augmentation, the size, shape and texture of implant, the contents of implant, the remedial measures if anything go wrong with the surgery, and the time of recovery. The plastic surgeon must also be informed about the individual’s medical records. Any weight reduction program or future planning of pregnancy should be told to the surgeon because this can affect the long-term result of breast enlargement.

A breast enlargement surgery takes 1-2 hours or more depending on the type of surgery and is usually done under local anesthesia. The implant is placed either under the breast tissue or the chest muscle beneath the breast. The surgery is usually performed on an outpatient basis, but sometimes hospitalization may be necessary for some individuals.

Complications may occur with this surgery. The common complications are breast pain, breast hardness and numbness in the nipples that may last for years. Some individuals may also develop an infection that may require the removal of the implants for several months until the infection clears. Implants may also occasionally leak, rupture, wrinkle, or change shape necessitating a second surgery to replace the damaged implants. Differences in shape and size of the breast after the surgery may also occur in some cases.

While there is no scientific evidence that breast augmentation causes breast cancer, the presence of breast implants can make it technically difficult to detect breast cancer on a mammogram.

Breast Enlargement Pumps

Manufacturers claim the pumps are a miracle treatment for women who dream of fuller and supple breasts without the pains and health problems associated with surgery. Breast enlargement pumps consist of a pump attached to a specially designed cups or cylinders. Each cup or the cylinder is attached to the breasts and manually pumped up to a good pressure. This procedure is repeated for 15 minutes twice a day to produce the best results.

According to the manufacturer, the external pressure creates a suction by which the breasts are pulled outward. This process increases vacuums of fat and fluids and makes them flow into the breast tissue cells causing them to enlarge. Pumps also helps to build and expand the mammary gland tissue by stimulating a balanced natural hormone level and encourages increased production of collagen to provide firmer breasts.

Some manufacturers claim that regular stimulation of the breast tissue by pumps induces the pituitary gland to increase the production and release of the female hormones responsible for breast growth. Besides, regular stimulation and the gentle stretching of the breast repeatedly induces new cellular growth and enlarges the breast. The process works in the same manner as regular exercising does for muscle growth.

Whether the breast enlargement pump is effective in the enhancement of the breasts is still a matter of speculation. Many doctors deny any role of pumps in the process of breast enlargement. The supposed increase in the size, doctors say, is purely a placebo effect. Secondly, the elastic nature of the skin responds to the prolonged pumping by stretching itself to an extent as to give the effect of an enlargement.

Some women claim that prolonged use of pumps has increased their breast by 2 cups. Some have reported an increase by a cup size within three weeks. The use of breast enlargement pumps may harm or damage the breast tissue, so before deciding on the use of pumps it would be worth the effort to investigate all information thoroughly.

Breast Enhancers

Breast enhancement entails the use of different techniques and methods to artificially enhance the size of the breast. The allure of well-proportioned breasts and generous cleavage is a not just a male fixation. Breast enhancement is one of the most popular cosmetic procedures chosen by women. The motivation for breast enlargement varies for different individuals, while the ultimate goal remains fairly similar. Whether it is for a well-clothed look, a scintillating silhouette or a zing to self esteem, modern breast enlargement techniques offer cheaper, safer and faster options to satisfy customers.

The breast has one real function, feeding newborn babies. Going by this logic, the size of the breast is irrelevant as long as it performs this basic function. However, in most known societies and cultures, breasts lend themselves to the beauty of the female silhouette, and more often than not, a large size is considered more attractive. The desire for well-formed breasts is as strong as the craving for a well-maintained body or a beautiful face. Women often face the problem of loss of elasticity and firmness after childbirth or due to aging. Breast enhancement offers respite to such individuals.

Breast enhancement is sometimes coupled with breast reconstruction surgery for patients who have undergone mastectomy, or for those who have severely asymmetrical breasts due to certain defects or congenital diseases.

There are several methods of breast enlargement. Breast implants and surgery offer instantaneous gratification. Any surgical method for breast enhancement should be done by an expert surgeon. It is essential to explore, investigate and educate oneself about the pros and cons of surgery, type of implant, the surgeon, and to ascertain if one really needs to undergo surgery. There are many herbal and non-surgical methods, like exercise, pills, creams etc, for breast augmentation. All the methods need to be researched thoroughly for any possible side or adverse effects and for their claimed effectiveness. Going in for breast enhancement is a personal decision that has to be made in an educated and informed manner.

Breast Enhancement

Breast enhancement, or augmentation mamoplasty, is a cosmetic surgery performed to enhance the size and shape of breasts. The chief objective in doing so is to increase the person’s sex appeal.

Breast enhancement has been in the center of controversy for three decades. It is supposed to be a risky procedure, causing certain disorders in the anatomy of the person, and the debate is whether it is prudent to gamble with health for the sake of obtaining that elusive hourglass figure. That notwithstanding, it is the second-most common prosthetic procedure, and in the year 2003 itself there had been 280,401 breast implants in the US alone.

Though the debate over breast implants is a fairly contemporary phenomenon, the surgery itself is not that modern. Historical evidences show that Japanese women used to inject silicones directly into their breasts during the World War II.

Before the discovery of silicone as an implant material, other materials such as paraffin were used for breast implants. Thomas Cronin and Frank Gerow, two plastic surgeons from Houston, were the first to develop silicone as a transplant material with the Dow Corning Corporation in 1961 and the first transplant was done on a woman in 1962.

One of the chief objections in this cosmetic prosthesis is the use of silicone gel, which has been restricted as an implant material by the Food and Drug Administration in the US. Breast implants have been suspected of causing autoimmune disease, however there is no documentation to validate this fact. Known hazards of breast augmentation are asymmetry, visibility, palpability, rupture, deflation, infection, scarring, and hardening of the capsule of the implant.

The strongest objection against breast implants comes from feminist groups who view it as a subjugation of women to men to pander to their sexual desires. It is not unknown of starlets and media women who undergo such surgeries to boost their careers; and in the process, giving vent to the allocution that it is a man’s world.

Breast Enhancement Surgery

Breast enhancement surgery includes breast augmentation and breast implants. A few advantages of enhancement surgery are proven and predictable results. The surgery is one of the most expensive methods for breast enhancement and enlargement. The surgery generally consists of a surgical implantation of sacs filled with saline under the breast tissue.

Currently, all women undergoing the surgery receive saline filled implants consisting of a silicone shell filled with saltwater. A small incision is needed for this surgery. The incision can be made either within the armpit, underneath the breast or at the lower edge of the areola (pigmented skin surrounding the nipple).

The incision usually measures less than one inch. A pocket is then created either directly behind the breast tissue or under the pectoral muscle, which is located between the chest wall and breast tissue. Patients who decide to have breast enhancement surgery have the risk of asymmetry, visibility, palpability, rupture, deflation, infection and scarring.

Other materials used for enhancement surgery are silicone shells filled with silicone gel. Silicone shells are currently not available in America because the FDA is conducting trials on a new type of silicone gel that is believed to decrease the instances of leakage.

String Implants are a much less common type of implants, but they can help achieve the largest size of breasts possible. String implants continue to grow after surgery. Adult entertainers mostly favor this kind of surgery.

A new form of implant is in progress called the Tissue Engineered Implant. This type of implant works on the principle that cells are taken from the body of the patient and are then combined with the proper scaffold material to prepare the Tissue Engineered Breast Implants. There are no risks of leakage or rupture in this process. Also, the size of the implants remains stable.

Breast Cancer Statistics

As the awareness of breast cancer increases, so does the availability of information on the disease to the general public. There has been much research done on the disease, which includes the statistics on its prevalence and survival rates. Below is an enumeration of these statistics.

Recent figures

Breast cancer has been proven to be the second leading cause of cancer deaths in women today. It is also the most common form of cancer among women. This trend is expected to continue. Studies conducted by the World Health Organization estimate that for 2006, there will be 1.2 million women who will be diagnosed with breast cancer.

Studies have also shown that a woman’s chance of developing breast cancer during her lifetime is about 1 out of 7 or 13.4 percent. However, breast cancer is not restricted to women. Studies also estimate that thousands of men will be diagnosed with the disease.

With regard to death rates, it is estimated that the chance that breast cancer will be the cause for a woman’s death is about 1 in 33, or 3 percent. In recent years, the incidence of breast cancer death has declined. Doctors attribute these declines to early detection and new treatments.

Figures also show that the chance of having the disease increases with age. By the age of 30, the chance of having the disease is 1 out of 2,212. For women over the age of 80, the chance increases to 1 out of 8. However, the survival rates are less for younger women because they tend to have more aggressive forms of cancer. It has also been proven that white, Hawaiian and African-American women have the highest incidence of breast cancer as opposed to their Asian counterparts who have some of the lowest incidence rates.

Studies also show that early detection increases the survival rate by as much as 96 percent, especially for those women who detect breast cancer in its first stage. However, the survival rates for patients who have had the disease decreases after five years.

These figures tell us a number of things. One of these is that the key to surviving breast cancer is early detection. Another important thing is that women need to be aware of the risks that they face and that they should take preventive measures to mitigate the effects of this dreaded disease.

Breast Cancer Awareness

In recent years, the incidence of breast cancer among women has increased. As a result of this, organizations that aim to raise breast cancer awareness have doubled their efforts to give women around the world the right information to help them prevent and deal with this disease. These organizations teach women to detect early signs of cancer and recognize the symptoms of the disease. It has been proven that early detection increases a woman’s chance of survival by as much as 96 percent.

Symptoms

Some of the symptoms that women are told to watch out for include lumps, which are usually firm and painless. Other possible symptoms include swelling on the underarms and on the skin on the breasts which then develops an unusual appearance. Women are also asked to look out for veins that become prominent in the breast area. Other symptoms also include inverting of the nipples, rashes and changes in skin texture, depressions on the breast area and discharges other than breast milk.

Early Detection Plan

However, looking out for symptoms is usually not enough in detecting this disease, since there are instances in which patients are asymptomatic until the cancer reaches stage 3 or 4. To be able to prevent this, breast cancer organizations encourage women to come up with an early detection plan, which includes clinical breast examinations every three years for women aged 20 to 39, then every year thereafter. A monthly breast examination for women beginning at age 20 is also encouraged. Mammograms every two years for women in their 40s and yearly mammograms for women in their 50s are also being emphasized. Women are also told to keep a record of these exams and their appointments with their doctors. Additionally, women are urged to eat a low-fat diet, engage in regular exercise and avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.

The importance of early detection of breast cancer cannot be denied since it has been proven to increase a cancer patient’s survival rate by as much as 96 percent. Given this, it is then important for women to do what they can to prevent having to suffer unnecessarily from this disease. Having an early detection plan is an effective way of doing just that.