An Introduction to Chess Sets

Chess is a popular board game across the world. While many people are content to play chess on a regular board with plastic pieces, many players who truly love the game take pride in their unique chess sets.

There are many different kinds of chess sets to accommodate all chess players. Chess sets are made out of many different materials such as glass, ivory, marble, and wood. Some chess sets are especially small or have magnetic pieces, perfect for taking on trips and playing while traveling.

People have been playing chess for many centuries. No one knows for sure where or when it originated, but it is known that people in Persia, India, and China played chess in the Middle Ages. The game spread to the Middle East next, then to Spain and the rest of Europe. It is very likely that the game pieces were altered once the game spread through Europe to take on the forms that they currently have.

The different pieces in a chess set each represent parts of medieval life. The pawns represent peasants. Just as peasants were considered unimportant to people in power, pawns are the weakest pieces in the game of chess and are used primarily as sacrifices. The rooks, or castles, represent home and sanctuary. The knight represents soldiers, who, at the time, were held in high esteem, but not as much as the church or royal family. The bishops represent priests and are considered more valuable than knights. The queen is probably the most powerful piece on the board, but the king is the one that must be protected at all costs, or the game is lost.

Chess players at all skill levels marvel at the craftsmanship that goes into creating fine chess sets. It takes true artistry to create chess sets out of wood, stone and glass. Many chess sets are extremely rare and are valuable collector’s items.

An Introduction To Casino Gambling

Casino gambling has been a hot source of debate among people coming from various religious and economic backgrounds.  

Religious authorities generally frown on casino gambling because of its perceived social costs. This is why in highly religious countries, casino gambling (or any sort of gambling)is not allowed. Most Islamic nations specifically prohibit gambling while other nations tend to regulate it to some extent.

Most legal authorities also put some sort of censorship on gambling. The law does not recognize wagers as contracts and views consequent losses as “debts of honor” that cannot be enforced through the legal process. This leads to organized crime taking over the enforcement of large gambling debts, sometimes in a violent manner.

Since contracts of insurance have many features similar to wagers, legislation makes a distinction between the two. It typically defines any agreement wherein either of the party has an interest in the outcome of the bet beyond the specified financial terms as an ‘insurance contract.’ So the bet on whether one’s house will burn down becomes a contract of insurance, since a person has an independent interest in the security of his or her home.

Many people participate in casino gambling as a form of recreation and sometimes as a means to have more income. Before you become obsessed with casino gambling, remember that like any form of behavior, it involves variation in brain chemistry. Thus, it can lead to disruptive behavior and psychological addiction. The phenomena of reinforcement may also make gamblers persist in gambling even after incurring repeated losses.

Russian writer Dostoevsky portrays in his short story entitled “The Gambler,” the psychological effects of gambling on gamblers. He suggested that the idea of gambling or the get-rich-quick mentality may have originated from the Russians. He shows the effect of betting money for the chance of having more money in 19th century Europe. The origins of the Russian roulette fueled legends associating Russians with gambling.

An Introduction To Billiards

Billiards has always been a family of games that is played on a table, with a cue stick. The cue stick is used to strike balls that move around on the table. There are different types of billiard ball games. In eight ball games and straight pool, 16 balls are used x96 15 are colored and one white ball or ‘cue’ ball. Object balls are numbered one through seven and are solid colored. Balls nine through 15 are white and have a colored stripe that matches a corresponding solid ball. The nine ball has a yellow stripe, the 10-ball has a blue stripe, etc. The eight ball is always black. Regulation balls measure 2 1/4 inches and weight about 5 1/2 to 6 ounces.

On of the easiest games to play is Three Cushion billiards. It is played on a table that has no pockets and is slightly larger than a pool table. Three Cushion billiards is played with three balls that are red, yellow and white. The object is to have the cue ball hit the two other balls on the table along with three or more rails.

Other games include the Straight Rail or Free Game. It requires the cue ball to hit only the two other balls in order to score a point. Balkline is another game like Straight Rail, but the table has lines that are 18′ from each rail that create nine boxes on the table. If a player makes one or two, depending on the game, Straight Rail billiards in a box and drive it across a line. Players try to make the ball come back into a box to continue playing. Three Cushion billiards is the most popular game of all billiard games played.

Alto Saxophones

A saxophone is a musical instrument that belongs in the woodwind category. It is one of the youngest musical instruments, having been invented in the 1840s by Adolphe Sax, a Belgian. Saxophones were earlier used in the military and in big orchestras but are now found in smaller bands as well. They are generally used for big band music, pop music, concerts, marching bands and jazz music. There are four commonly used kinds of saxophones: Soprano, Alto, Tenor and Baritone saxophones.

The alto saxophone is the most common saxophone in use. It is a basic model, and is generally preferred for beginners because of its comfortable shape and size. The alto is of medium size. It is shaped like a “J” bent backwards. Some alto saxophones are also straight in shape with a slightly tipped bell. The alto is usually preferred for classical compositions from composers like Ibert, Glazunov and Debussy.

The alto, like all other saxophones, is a transposing instrument. It is in the key of E-Flat. It is slightly longer than the soprano, and also lower sounding. Hence, it is a preferred solo jazz instrument.

The main parts in an alto saxophone are: the mouth-piece, including the ligature and the reed; the main tube that has tone holes and keys; a series of rods that connect the keys to the tone holes; the pads that securely cover the tone holes and, most importantly, the bell.

The local music store, mail-order service, a private party or the Internet are different places where one can buy alto saxophones. The main aspects to be considered are the quality, service, price and the model. The Internet is a good source to find information about alto saxophones, but it is wise to test a few of them before buying.

Airsoft Machine Guns

There are many types of airsoft machine/automatic guns on the market. E ach type and model has a different range in power, magazine capacity, FPS (feet per second) and ROF (rate of fire). Electric powered airsoft guns or automatic electric guns (AEGs) seem to be the most popular because of their high power and ease of use. The three biggest manufactures of automatic airsoft guns are Tokyo Marui, Classic Army and ICS (I Chih Shivan Enterprise Co. Ltd.).

Tokyo Marui has one of the best and most popular airsoft machine guns and their products now dominate the world market. Prices range from 200 to 400 dollars, approximately. The more popular models include AK series such as AK47, AK47 Spetznatz; MP series like MP5 A4, Tokyo Marui MP5SD5, Tokyo Marui MP5SD6, Full Metal UZI, Tokyo Marui SG 552 SEALS and MP5K-PDW. Most of these models come with a rechargeable battery, 280–300 FPS (feet per second), and ROF (rate of fire) range from 600-900 rounds per minute.

Classic Army, the airsoft gun company based in Hong Kong, has also produced a range of popular airsoft machine gun models. The MP5 series is very popular with cost ranging approximately 250-300 dollars. For example, the Classic Army MP5SD6 cost s around 325 dollars and features full Metal Body, detachable silencer, Collapsible Stock, 8.4V mini battery, 315 FPS and 200 round high capacity magazine.

ICS, based in Taiwan is also another big manufacturer of automatic electric guns (AEGs) and airsoft machine guns. The company markets the AK, M16 and MP5 series of airsoft guns. Prices range between 250-350 dollars. One of the most popular is the ICS MP5A4 Tactical RIS which features 230 round magazine, Navy style lower receiver, tactical RIS, grip, &amp and a sight mount with an FPS of 310.

Airsoft Guns

Airsoft guns are sometimes classified as “toy guns,” because they are not real and are 1:1 replicas of actual firearms, usually made of plastic or metal that propel plastic pellets known as BBs using compressed air. A BB may be a 5-8 mm round or spherical pellet weighing 110-600 milligrams. Though an airsoft gun may not be real, its design and functional mechanism can be very similar to its actual counterpart.

The history of “airsoft” originated in Japan during the mid-1970s, mainly because it was illegal to own firearms by private individuals. The popular sport spread quickly to China, Hong Kong, Korea, Taiwan and the Philippines chiefly because of firearm restrictions in these countries. The popularity of airsoft guns in the United States and Europe began in the mid-1990s.

There are three main types of airsoft guns – spring-powered, gas-powered, and electric powered (or automatic electric guns). In spring-powered guns, the spring is cocked by pulling back the slide or bolt before firing each shot. Pressurized gases like propane and HFC134a refrigerant are used to propel BBs by gas-powered guns. Automatic electric gun uses electrical power from an onboard battery to operate.

Airsoft gun pellets come in different shapes, sizes and weights. Most airsoft pellets are normally 6mm spherical plastics. There are also starch-based biodegradable, metal coated, graphite coated, and steel pellets. Airsoft pellets typically weigh from 0.12 to 0.43 g. Airsoft pellets may not damage the skin but are extremely dangerous to the eyes. Goggles or other protective gear must be worn all the time while playing this sport.

Airsoft Gun Pellets

Airsoft gun pellets come in different shapes, sizes and weights. Most airsoft pellets, also known as BBs (ball bearing) are normally 6mm spherical plastics. There are starch based biodegradable, metal coated, graphite coated, and steel pellets. Airsoft pellets typically weigh from 0.12 to 0.43 g.

6mm pellets, 0.12 g are used by gas and spring weapons but not for high-end AEGs. The same goes for 0.15 g. 0.20 g standard weights and used by AEGs. 0.23 g is heavy weight for AEGs and 0.25 g is the heaviest weight for standard AEGs, blowback and spring guns. 0.30 g is the standard and 0.36 g are heavier pellets for sniper rifles. 0.43 g is for highest levels of upgrades sniper rifles. As for 8mm pellets, 0.34 g is low weight, 0.45 g is standard weight and 0.60 g is the heaviest weight for 8mm sniper rifles.

For automatic electric guns (AEGs), the velocity limits range between 300-400 FPS (feet per second). For single shot guns, it is 400 to 500 FPS. The tension of the main spring determines the pellet velocity of automatic electric guns (AEGs), so there tends to be a stratification of values. Low-end spring pistols can shoot 0.2 g BBs at velocities from 100 FPS. The range for high-end airsoft guns can reach 550 FPS. Anything beyond this would need a major upgrade of internal components. This internal modification can also increase the ROF (rate of fire) drastically.

Airsoft pellets may not damage the skin but are extremely dangerous to the eyes, so goggles or other protective gear must be worn at all times while playing airsoft sports.

Airsoft Gun History

The history of “airsoft” originated in Japan during the mid-1970s, mainly because it was illegal to own firearms by private individuals. The first airsoft guns available were spring-powered replicas of firearms that fired 6mm, plastic pellets or BBs. The gun then spread to China, Hong Kong, Korea, Taiwan and the Philippines and became very popular chiefly because of firearm restrictions in these countries.

The first airsoft guns were those air driven pellet guns, cap-type guns and spring driven pellet guns. The early Japanese air driven pellet guns were based on semi-automatic pistols. They were spring powered. The plastic pellet was propelled by air when the spring piston was released. In the cap-type guns, powerful an explosive cap was used to make the sound of gunfire and to eject the spent cartridge. In spring driven pellet guns, a spring was used to propel the pellet held between two small locks and released when the gun was fired.

Mattel, the famous American toy company had already marketed a product called “Shootin Shells” way back in the 1950s. These guns were identical to the spring driven pellet guns and had Stik-M-Caps that explode to emulate the sound of gunfire. In the 1980s, Daisy BB Gun Company manufactured spring gun models called Replisoft and Soft Air shot at each other by opposing players.

The popularity of airsoft guns in the United States and Europe began in the mid-1990s. There is continued growing interest in the west. In 2003, Daisy started manufacturing and marketing airsoft guns once again in the United States. “Powerstrike” is the brand name used by the company. Other manufacturers are following in Daisy’s footsteps and a host of different models have entered the United States airsoft gun market.

Advice on Buying Poker Chip Sets

Complete chip sets should be purchased with a few things in mind: How many chips do you need? How much can you afford to pay for your chipset and how many players will be using the chips in a game. As with most things, you pay for quality and the best advice is to buy the highest quality you can afford. It is rare to be sorry that you opted for a higher line of goods so buy the best your budget allows.

A good rule of thumb for quantity follows:

3-4 Players 300 chipset is usually enough

4-6 Players 400-500 chipset will suffice

6-8 Players 500-650 chipset is required

8-10+ Players 1000+ chips depending on numbers

The above guide is a suggested number only. Remember that you cannot really have too many chips, only too few so buy all you can afford. Many chip sellers maintain an open stock of chips so you can purchase more as you need them.

Buying a quality set of Poker chips isn’t cheap but if you’re buying a full set of chips (300, 500 or 1,000), the price typically includes an aluminum carrying case, one or two decks of cards, five dice, and sometimes a dealer button. At online stores, a set of 300 11.5-gram composite, two-color chips goes for $75 or more, depending on the style. A similar set of 300 real clay chips will cost about $25 to $30 more. Three-color chips are more expensive.

Advice about Psychic Phone Readings

Not sure what you’re looking for? There is something for everyone. Do you favor a clairvoyant or a medium, Tarot cards or the I-Ching, the expertise of an astrologer or numerologist, or a spiritual guide to assist you through prayers and meditation, there’s something for everyone seeking psychic readings by phone.

Once you’ve explored the variety of psychic phone readings available, the next step is to decide what area of your life would most benefit from the advice of a psychic. Do you have questions about romance or a relationship, money issues or a career decision, health and healing, the well being of your beloved pet, or curiosity about future events?

Keep in mind; psychic phone readings are for entertainment purposes only. Information provided during psychic phone readings should not replace professional medical advice or therapeutic counseling.

An accepting mind is vital for psychic phone readings. The message is for you and you alone to interpret and relate the meaning to the query you initially presented to the psychic on the phone. Psychics believe the key is to trust yourself because you have free will and can always change the direction of your life, despite the reading you receive. Just enjoy your reading and the advice as it is given.

The length of psychic phone readings will depend on your relationship with the psychic, but the minimum reading is usually 15 to 20 minutes with the average ranging from 30 to 45 minutes.

Introductory rates can be as low as $1 per minute with some calls rating almost $10 per minute. Some providers decrease the cost per minute as the minutes increase for returning customers. Confirm the rate information before you connect for psychic readings by phone. For an additional fee, an audio cassette recording of the actual reading can be mailed to you for each of your psychic readings by phone.

A clear and relaxed state of mind is the best way to maximize the results of psychic phone readings. Focus on two or three important questions you are seeking advice about and try to eliminate other distracting thoughts before connecting with a phone psychic. Whenever possible, turn the television and radio off and make the call from a quiet room without distractions or interruptions. Avoid doing daily chores such as washing dishes and the laundry during your consultation with a phone psychic.

Be prepared to take notes to follow up on the information given by the phone psychic and keep an open mind to the possibility of looking at your life and current situation from a new perspective. If you feel the phone psychic advice you’re receiving is not applicable in any way to your question, politely thank the psychic advisor and hang up as soon as possible.