Regardless of age, acne is a condition of the sebaceous glands, which are attached to hair follicles and produce an oily substance called sebum. When a hair follicle becomes plugged with sebum and dead cells, an infection develops, which results in acne. Therefore, it is important to look after you skin to avoid or prevent acne.
Research has shown that stress can induce acne and have a profound impact on its development and subsequent spread. When under stress, the body produces hormonal steroids, such as cortisol, which targets the skin in a disruptive manner and results in acne flare-ups.
Research also suggests that coffee stimulates the production of cortisol and influences the outbreak of acne, just like stress. Coffee may be a promoter of acne, and its consumption should thus be limited. It is also seen that most people with a history of family acne are prone to acne on similar lines.
Hormonal changes play an important role in the outburst of body acne. Many women find they break out in acne when they get their menstrual periods, or when pregnant. Some women experience acne even during menopause. During puberty, the male hormone androgen is present in both male and female bodies. Androgen can enlarge the sebaceous glands in hair follicles, leading to greater amounts of oily sebum being produced and resulting in acne.
Certain medications can also promote acne development in the body. These include testosterone, birth control pills, and medications for endometriosis, steroids, Dilantin, and lithium. Body acne is common to most people and often harder to treat than facial acne. Since the back is made up of thousands of sebaceous glands that produce excess levels of oil, it makes the area more susceptible to the formation of cysts and nodules.
Considering the numerous reasons for development of acne in adults, it is essential to isolate the root cause of acne before attempting to treat it.