Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurological condition that is manifested as distractibility, mood shifts, hyperactivity, poor impulse control, and forgetfulness. It is most frequently diagnosed in children. It is typically considered as a neurological disorder that is not curable but can be kept under control through effective treatments. Medication, psychotherapy and a combination of both as well, are used to treat the symptoms of this disorder. Over a period of time, most patients are capable of managing the associated symptoms even without any medication.
Stimulants are the initial line of medication that is used to treat ADHD. They function by exciting specific regions of the brain that are in charge of focus, concentration, and control of impulse. The stimulants trigger the inhibitory and self-managing machinery of the brain thereby making the individual exhibit greater self-control.
Methylphenidate is a class of medication used as a stimulant. This is available readily in the market under the brand names of Focalin, Methylin, Ritalin, or Metadate. They are prescribed in various strengths and dosage, based on their potency. The effects of medication last from four to six hours per dose, to 10-12 hours per day.
Amphetamines are a class of drugs that are also used to cure the symptoms of ADHD. Dexedrine is one of the brand names of this class of drug in the market. It has regular formulation whose duration is 4×966 hours per dose, and long lasting formulation that lasts for 8-12 hours per dose.
Adderall is a blend of dextroamphetamine and laevoamphetamine salts and is available in different formulations. Desoxyn is the trade name of a Methamphetamine that is also found to be an effective treatment for symptoms of ADHD.
Atomoxetine, a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (NRI) is the latest class of drug that is used to treat ADHD. This is not a stimulant and functions by inhibiting the uptake of norepinephrine, which is a neurotransmitter in the brain.
Medication has been shown to afford noteworthy benefits to many children and adults with ADHD. They have been known to reduce ADHD symptoms of disturbing and belligerent behavior and at the same time augment academic performance and relationships with contemporaries and family members.