A Brief History of Tennessee

In 1567 when Captain Juan Pardo and his men came across a Native American town called Tanasquis. Later, European settlers moving inward came across a Cherokee town called Tanasi on the banks of the river. It is not quite certain whether both the towns (that Pardo and the European settlers found) were the same. Though the connotation of the word is not clear, some people say that it is derived from a Cherokee word meaning ‘winding river.’ The name Tennessee is attributed to Governor James Glen who used it officially in his correspondence.

Tennessee was first inhabited by Paleo Indians 11,000 years ago. When the Spanish travelers first came, it was inhabited by the Muskogee and Yuchi tribes, but probably due to the European settlement in the area, the natives were forced to relocate to the west and the south. Tennessee was admitted to the union in 1796 as the 16th state, and it was the last state to break free from the Confederates in 1861. It also adopted a new constitution abolishing slavery after the Civil War and was readmitted into the union.

The state of Tennessee flanks eight other states with Kentucky and Virginia in the north and Georgia in the south. It is divided by the people of the state itself, ethnically, into three distinctive regions – East, Middle and West Tennessee. The Governor of the State of Tennessee holds his office for a term of four years and can serve a maximum of two terms. According to the U.S. census of 2005, Tennessee has a population of 5,962,959 which is a boost of 1.2 % from the previous year. The population of Tennessee is made up of 80.2% white, 16.4% lack, 2.2% Hispanic, 0.3% Native American, 1.0% Asian and 1.1% others.

Though the capital of Tennessee is Nashville, Memphis is famous for being the birthplace of rock and roll and the assassination site of Martin Luther King, Jr. It is considered a major attraction, along with Chattanooga, popular for its Ruby Falls as well as being the railway and finance hub of Tennessee.

Talking about Tennessee would be incomplete without the mention of its hero, Andrew Jackson, who was influenced by the stories his mother told him about the oppression of the laborers by the aristocracy. After his relocation to Tennessee, his love for the land intensified as he realized that there was no other possession as cherished as land. His contribution as a lawyer, military leader and politician was remarkable. When Jackson became president he realized that land was not only a prized possession for settlement but also a great motivator for trade..

Tennessee derived its strength in troubled times from music. Blues found its place in the world with W.C. Handy singing Memphis Blues, which captivated America. With the advent of the radio, Nashville country music erupted from the hearts of the Tennessee people and went out to the rest of the world. Some of the legendary singers, like Elvis Presley, have been the gift of a state abundant in talent.

A Brief History of Sewing Machines

Initially, sewing machines were manufactured for garment factory production lines, allowing for clothing to become uniformly mass-produced. It was French tailor Barthelemy Thimonnier who invented the first functioning sewing machine in 1830 for use in his garment factory.

This original machine used only one thread and a hooked needle for a chain stitch. His factory was burnt down and he was nearly killed by an angry mob of French tailors who were afraid his machines would leave them unemployed. A few years later in America, Walter Hunt shared the same fears, and abandoned the work to patent his own version of a straight-seam sewing machine. The fears were unfounded, as industrial sewing machines created multiple job opportunities worldwide.

Modern garment factories incorporate the same mass production techniques as other industries, with each workstation completing one part of the overall job. Industrial sewing machines are generally designed to perform one specific sewing function such as embroidery. Machines with different functions are operated to complete clothing items in a production line. Marketing to individuals didn’t begin until 1889, allowing for women to have the means to create clothing for their family without the labor-intensive hand stitching. The domestic sewing machine used in the home is manufactured to perform many tasks from sewing straight or zigzag stitches and the creation of buttonholes, as well as stitching buttons on to the piece of clothing.

Industrial sewing machines, like their domestic counterparts for the home, were created to simplify and speed up the otherwise labor-intensive hand stitching. The domestic sewing machine is manufactured to perform many tasks from sewing straight or zigzag stitches and the creation of buttonholes, as well as stitching buttons on to the piece of clothing. Sewing machines were adapted for use in industrial settings, allowing for clothing to become uniformly mass-produced. The industrial sewing machines are generally designed to perform a specific sewing function such as embroidery or applying buttonholes. Companies from all over the world manufacture industrial sewing machines with very basic features as well as higher-end computer operated models.

A variety of machines with different functions are operated to complete clothing items in a production line. A few examples would be a Bag Closer sewing machine which is used for sewing a single thread chain-stitch, a high-speed plain sewer is used for stitching seems and double needle machines are used for adding top stitching details to items like jeans.

Walking foot machines are invaluable for quilting and sewing coats, as it keeps the fabric moving along without bunching and making for a smoother and faster production. Overlock serger sewing machines, which are also available in smaller versions for the home, create the whipped V stitch along the edge of a seam of T-shirts and other stretchable fabrics.

A Brief History of Scooters

Scooters were first known as a child’s vehicle that dates back to before 1920. Although scooters were being manufactured, the majority of older children fashioned their own out of miscellaneous used parts. Remember the Little Rascal movies with scooters made out of produce crates? Technology and economies have changed since that time, allowing for today’s mass produced scooters to offer a variety models and

to be sold at a reasonably low cost.

Modern scooters not only include the push scooters that require a little bit of exercise, but also feature electric and gas motorized models. Advancements in technology have made way for many physically impaired individuals to replace wheel chairs with motorized scooters and mobility scooters. Competition among scooter manufacturers has led to unique design features as well as miniature low-powered motorcycles.

Motorized scooters are considered low-power motor vehicles by many municipalities and are subject to state and local regulations. Some scooters meet Department of Transportation regulations for operation on streets and roadways while others are prohibited from being on the streets. Any time a motorized vehicle is introduced into traffic areas, appropriate cautionary measures must be taken and proper safety gear must be worn.

Scooters can be easily found in the retail market, however not all retailers will carry all styles. Major discount or department stores may only carry a couple of models that they believe will be the most popular among their shoppers. A scooter store could specialize in a variety of recreational scooters, while another store will specialize in the mobility scooters. Retailers also offer scooter accessories to enhance the experience as well as replacement parts and service. Any style of scooter can be purchased online for retail pricing. The current market demand for scooters makes it hard to find them at wholesale prices for a single purchase, but there are many opportunities for an individual to become a scooter dealer.

A Brief History of Hawaiian Shirts

Bright in color and full of vivid design, Hawaiian shirts are an immensely popular way to introduce yourself – and your clothing – at parties, the pool or the beach. They have become an international symbol of Hawaii. Although they continue to increase in popularity, Hawaiian shirts are not a new trend or fad. In fact, the design of the popular shirts has been around for decades.

Hawaiian shirts got their start in the 1930s, when clothing manufacturers on the islands decided to produce a cloth that had a design unique to Hawaii. Watumull’s East India Store led the pack by hiring artist Elsie Das to create 15 hand-painted floral designs that were then printed onto silk. Unfortunately for the store, the designs were not supposed to be printed on heavy silk. Although the manufacturer did not print the shirts as had been requested, it turned out for the best – the heavy silk shirts became extremely popular in Hollywood. Movie stars, singers, and politicians all donned the prints. In the movie “From Here to Eternity,” Montgomery Cliff, Burt Lancaster, Ernest Borgnine, and Frank Sinatra all wore Hawaiian shirts. The craze has continued on for years. Tom Selleck was seen wearing Hawaiian shirts in “Magnum PI.”

Hawaiian officials have certainly encouraged the Aloha shirt craze. In 1947, the Honolulu Board of Supervisors passed a resolution, encouraging city and county employees to wear Hawaiian shirts from June 1 to October 31 each year. Further, every Friday in Hawaii is considered Aloha Friday, when locals and tourists alike wear their favorite Hawaiian shirt or dress with pride. The islands even have an official Aloha Week, where thousands of people dress in Hawaiian pride.

Today, Hawaiian shirts continue to be a symbol of relaxation in tropical paradise.

A Brief History of Grandfather Clocks

Since the beginning of civilization, humans have searched for a reliable way to keep track of the time. In the earliest days, months, seasons and years were tracked by careful monitoring of the phases of the moon. Later, the sun and stars were also used to help early people track the passing of time.

The Sumerians used the sundial to divide days into two-hour segments. The Egyptians created a device called Cleopatra’s needle to divide their days into two-hour segments while the ancient Romans devised a way of dividing time into night and day.

A pressing need for more precise measurements led to the invention of the water clock and then the hourglass. These inventions were limited as they relied on water and sand, respectively, to function. The search continued to search for a way of tracking time independent of the seasons or nature.

In 1582, Galileo discovered that a pendulum could be used to track time. He drew the first designs for a grandfather clock, though he did not build it. Finally, in 1656, Christiaan Huygens built the first known grandfather clock, putting Galileo’s discovery to use. Though the clock did not keep accurate time, it was a major breakthrough in timekeeping technology. Through the years, various inventors tried to improve on the design, but with little luck.

Finally, in 1670, William Clement discovered that the clocks worked better with a longer pendulum. Of course, this required a taller clock. Clement named his newly designed clocks long-case clocks. This was the predecessor of the grandfather clocks that we know today.

In 1875, Henry Work wrote the song “My Grandfather’s Clock” and the name stuck and finally, after many years in the making, grandfather clocks were born.

Today’s grandfather clocks rely on a pendulum attached to an anchor. The swinging pendulum causes the anchor to turn a gear, which in turn causes the clock to tick. A pair of weights further helps power the clock and keeps it from losing time. Although the technology has evolved over the years, the grandfather clocks of today still reflect the ingenuity of human’s earliest ancestors.

A Brief History of Golden Caskets

Caskets made entirely of gold are very rare. When they are found, they are usually priceless artifacts of historical significance. In the modern day, some people choose to buy caskets with decorative golden inlays.

It is important to keep in mind that not all caskets are used in burial or funerals. Some are used merely as containers for jewelry or artifacts. Golden caskets often have a religious significance. Many relics from Buddhism and Christianity are kept in elaborate golden caskets. For example, the thirty-three relics of Buddha are stored in golden caskets around the world. These relics range from items that Buddha used to some of his teeth and his collarbone. Most of the Buddha relics are housed in museums and are rarely displayed to the public.

The ancient Egyptians often used golden caskets to entomb the mummies of Pharaohs and other important public figures. The ancient Egyptians believed that people could take their possessions with them to the afterlife and would bury a person’s belongings and pets with them. The Pharaohs’ servants were often killed and buried when the Pharaoh died in order to continue their service in the afterlife. Golden caskets were used to entomb the mummies as well as many items that the person used in day-to-day life. These golden caskets are priceless archeological finds that are studied thoroughly and kept in museums around the world. Scientists still use these artifacts to learn about ancient Egyptian society.

Some modern day caskets have golden decorations. People may choose to have a golden cross or other religious symbols on the casket. These decorations are often expensive, but they can be extremely beautiful and detailed, adding luxury to the casket.

Golden caskets are rare works of art that contain some of the world’s great treasures. Modern day caskets with gold inlays or decoration can help people say goodbye to their loved one with style and dignity.

80s Arcade Games

The 1980s are considered to be the golden age of arcade games. It was in 1972 that the first electronic arcade games with coin slotting machines came into the limelight with Atari inventing the game called Pong, which was a ping-pong game. This game caught the imagination of gamers from all walks of life, especially teenagers who flocked to game joints with coins in hand to play them. Though Atari could not maintain their supremacy in the Arcade game segment as a lot of clones came into the market, the 80s saw some of the most inventive Arcade games.

There were the popular pinball games, whose mechanical ancestors were replaced by state of the art electronic counterparts. There were arcade games seen all over, from shopping malls, to restaurants, cafes, grocery stores, bars, bowling alleys, college campuses, movie theatres, airports, bakeries etc. The phenomenon was popular all over the US and Japan and caught the fancy of the rest of the world as well.

The 80s saw some of the most popular arcade games ever, beginning with games like Space Invaders which made their debut in 1978, Pac-man in 1980, Donkey Kong in 1981 and Tapper in 1983 being the most popular ones.

Most of these games extensively used solid-state electronic technology and integrated circuits. Those operated by coins, usually ended up using multiple CPUs and additional sound and graphics chip boards, with the latest display technology of that time.

Yet, what perhaps made these games most popular across all sections of the society was the ease of use. It did not take much time to learn these games and they could be learnt on the fly. The rules of the games were also simple. One could play the game as long as their character on the screen lived. Once it died, they had to put in another coin and start all over again.

5 Star Los Angeles Hotels

Los Angeles is situated in the southern part of California. It is a city that has a large metropolitan area and is located along the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Santa Monica and Verdugo are two famous mountain ranges that cut across this city, which makes it an extremely scenic place and attracts loads of tourists every year. Since tourism is one of the large industries in Los Angeles, there are a number of hotels in the city, classified into various star categories on the basis of their amenities, service standards and pricing. Most 5 star hotels in Los Angeles have panoramic views, as they are located in the two mountain ranges. Some 5 star hotels are also located amongst the luxurious villas of Beverly Hills.

There are many well-known 5 star hotels in Los Angeles namely St. Regis Hotel & Spa Los Angeles, Shutters on the Beach, The Four Seasons Hotel, Los Angeles and many others. The 5 star hotels in Los Angeles typically portray grace, style and timeless elegance. They provide tourists and business visitors to the city with a sophisticated atmosphere and help them feel completely relaxed and stress free. They offer luxurious rooms with fabulous dxe9cor and spectacular views. Some five star hotels in Los Angeles such as St. Regis Hotel & Spa Los Angeles have rooms offering a splendid view from the downtown skyline to the Santa Monica coastline, from the estates of Bel Air to the Hollywood hills.

Shutters On The Beach is a luxury 5 star hotel that is located right on the sandy beaches of Los Angeles. This beach hotel offers 186 gracious rooms and 12 suites in colorful architectural designs that resemble the art deco during the 1920′s and 30′s. The wide range of services and amenities offered by 5 star Los Angeles hotels include bars, beauty salons, handicap facilities, whirlpools and outdoor heated pools, valet parking, restaurants, shopping and much more.

5 star Los Angeles hotels provide the right blend of luxury and landscape. They have beautiful surroundings where guests can unwind from stress and socialize at bars and restaurants.

4X4 Trucks

Four-wheel drive, 4WD, 4×4, all wheel drive, and AWD are different phrases used for describing a four-wheeled vehicle with a powertrain that allows all four wheels to receive power from an engine at the same time. Powering all four wheels gives better control on smooth ice and is a main part of rally racing on cemented roads.

These are truck-like motor vehicles in which a driver can manually switch between a two-wheel drive mode for streets and a four-wheel drive mode for low grip conditions such as ice, mud, or loose gravel. These vehicles do not cause poor control and too much tire.

Although, the term ‘four-wheel drive’ refers to a capability that a vehicle may have, it is also used to represent the whole vehicle itself. The term 4×4, read as four by four, is used to indicate total number of wheels on a vehicle and is frequently applied to vehicles equipped with either full-time or part-time four-wheel-drive. This term is common in North America.
The first four-wheel drive vehicle, Spyker 60 HP, was manufactured in 1903 by Dutch brothers Jacobus and Hendrik-Jan Spijker of Amsterdam. 4X4 designs in the US came from the Twyford Company of Brookville, PA in 1905. The first US four-wheel drive vehicle was made in 1911 by the Four-Wheel Drive auto company (FWD) of Wisconsin. Some of the earliest four-wheel drive cars were various rally cars, such as the Ford RS200 made from 1984-1986. In 1989, Panther Westwinds built a four-wheel drive, the Panther Solo 2. Today, sophisticated all wheel drive systems are found in many commuter vehicles and sports cars. In a 4X4 truck, when one wheel spins out of control, a brake can be automatically applied to that wheel. Torque will then be matched, causing power to be divided between a roadway and a brake. It can cause brake wear, but it is effective.

40Th Anniversary Gifts

A wedding anniversary is a special occasion when you and your spouse celebrate a reaffirmation of your commitment to each other. It is an annual renewal of your deepest feelings for your loved one. It is a day that demands special time to spend with each other. Make a special effort to choose a perfect gift that will communicate how much you really care.

The fortieth anniversary is indeed a reason to celebrate. Forty successful years together is a real achievement. The fortieth anniversary is called the ‘ruby anniversary.’ Do not let your fortieth anniversary pass by without expressing your love by giving a special personalized jewelry item. Consider a dazzling red ruby for the ruby anniversary. Some consider the ruby rarer than a diamond. What better message than this one for the apple of your eye?

Called the queen of all gemstones, the ruby in all its red resplendence is the ultimate representation of love and passion. The name of this rich and noble gemstone is derived from the Latin word ‘rubens,’ which means red. Give a ruby and watch the shimmer and vibrancy of the jewel reflect in her eyes. Sparkling and magnificent, the captivating beauty of a ruby has the right blend of regality and class. It will not fail to convey the message of undying love and sincerity. It is a symbol of unconditional love and faithful commitment. Signifying both fire and sensitivity with its deep hue, the ruby has inspired ardor and fascination for a very long time.

A ruby could be set in bracelets, rings, earrings and pendants or even personalized keepsakes. Seen from all aspects, it appears that a red ruby would be the perfect gift for your spouse.