Canadian Immigration

Though vast in geographical area, Canada has a smallish population. There is a shortage of skilled workers, investors and entrepreneurs to meet the economic growth requirements of Canada. Therefore, the Canadian government encourages these categories of persons to immigrate to Canada and contribute towards its prosperity and strength.

If you are a skilled person, you are most welcome to immigrate to Canada and become a permanent citizen of the country. The Canadian government has laid down six selection criteria towards which you must earn a certain number of points in order to be considered eligible for immigration. You should have a sufficient knowledge of English or French and work experience of at least 10 years, including one year of full-time paid work in your field, besides other related qualifications.

There is a Business Immigration Program also for businessmen. They should be able to invest at least $400,000. The alternative to this is that they should be able to own and manage a business in Canada. There are three classes of such business immigrants, each with separate eligibility criteria. These classes are investors, entrepreneurs and self-employed persons. You can apply for only one category, even if you fulfill requirements for other categories. Once selected, a category cannot be changed.

The first category is investors. You must be an experienced businessman and your financial net worth should be at least $800,000 Canadian. The second category consists of entrepreneurs. These should be able to own and actively run a business in Canada so as to contribute to its economy and create jobs.

If you are a self-employed person or a farmer with relevant experience in your field of economic activity, you also are welcome to settle in Canada. In either case, you should have sufficient funds to start and operate your business. Farmers should have sufficient funds to purchase land and manage it.

Besides the above categories, the French speaking Francophone minority communities can also immigrate to Canada. This is to ensure that the French speaking minorities are given a chance to socially and culturally integrate with Canadian society.

Canadian E Commerce Web Hosting

Online purchases in Canada totaled about $8.5 million Canadian dollars in 2004. Most of these items included books and reservations for travel and lodging. Only thirty-six percent of Canadian businesses have a website presence. The adoption for small, medium, and large businesses is slowly increasing at a rate of two to three percentage points. The rapid advances in technology have resulted in consumer confidence in private data protection, increasing the online sales.

E-commerce is a way of doing consumer-oriented business transactions over the Internet. This is actually retailing in the Internet format. Just as in a supermarket, online consumers choose products by navigating the site along the categories of products and make payments online using credit cards. The products are then delivered within a certain period.

Web hosting is one of the links in the e-commerce process. The chain is formed by different links such as websites, shopping processes, credit card processing, and merchant accounts. Websites are hosted by an external provider or perhaps the business itself. The shopping process is actually a shopping cart that allows the selection of products just like placing the products in a supermarket cart. When the customer finalizes the buying process by filling in the credit card form, the credit card is processed to check the validity of the card. The processed information is sent to a merchant, who credits to the account of the business.

The value of web hosting lies in providing the seamless transfer of the process between various links. The web host could also add value by designing the site for the shopping cart and processing the credit card. It could also provide value-added information about the e-commerce process to the clients in order to make the process clear.

The value addition in the chain puts web hosting services at $200 and more. Many web hosting providers have combined with credit card processors to add value. Some of the main issues in deciding on an e-commerce host are bandwidth, security, back-end integration, reliability, and server set up.

Canadian Drugs Online

Online Canadian pharmacies supply safe and reliable prescription drugs to customers worldwide. These are fully licensed online pharmacies. They are able to provide up to an 85% discount on more than 3000 brand names of medicines and generic drugs.

Through an online ordering system, prescription and non-prescription quality drugs are safely delivered to customers. Canadian pharmacists are qualified, licensed professionals. The order is processed only for a valid original prescription from a qualified and licensed physician. Some pharmacists arrange for a Canadian physician to review and sign the prescriptions to ensure the safety and authenticity of the prescription. They acquire the drugs on the prescriptions and also take care of shipping them to the customer.

Canadian drugs are not cheaper because they are inferior in quality. These drugs are offered cheaper because Canada has a policy of controlling drug prices. These drugs are similar to, or the same as, the ones manufactured in US. Very often, Canadian pharmacies offer a generic version of the same drug. The only difference between the branded drugs and the generic drugs is the cost. Online pharmacies offer generic drugs at about 45% less than the cost of brand-name drugs. They ensure that the active ingredients in both the generic and the brand-name drugs meet the same scientific standards.

Canadian online drugstores have earned accreditations and in recent times, have become very trusted sources for providing cheap and quality drugs. These online pharmacies also offer over the counter drugs and essential drugs that are sometimes not easily available in the US. It is mandatory for these online drugstores to be members of the Canadian Internet Pharmacy Association.

Patients can order their drugs online or through fax or phone. The service is usually friendly and prompt. The customer service agents have a pharmacy background, and are knowledgeable and able to assist the patients when they call the toll-free numbers. Pharmacists and pharmacy technicians are available 7 days a week to help with a customer’s orders. The safety of drugs is guaranteed, and they are approved and checked by regulatory bodies in Canada. It often takes about 3 to 4 weeks to deliver the medicines to a US customer.

Canadian online pharmacies truly make the experience of buying drugs over the Internet a good experience. By offering drugs at affordable costs, online pharmacies based in Canada have eased the worries about high medication costs for many Americans.

Canadian Discount Pharmacy

When it comes to grabbing a sizeable share of the US pharmacy market, the Canadian discount pharmacies have already achieved the target and are now going further. Driven by competitive prices and low investment requirements, these companies are now giving extensive competition to their US counterparts who seem to be loosing the battle on their home turf.

The problem with purchase of drugs in US is that the government is not regulating the price of drugs there. This means that most Americans have to pay more than their counterparts in G-8 countries for purchasing essential drugs. The aggressive pricing policies pursued by the American pharmacy companies have only helped increase the rates further. This has led to US buyers frantically searching for other alternatives for buying cheaper prescription drugs and they did not have to look beyond Canada.

Operating out of Canada, most of the discount pharmacies are low-investment startups that have made healthy profits in the last few years. Even though competitive discounts are offered, low labor requirements, coupled with low initial investments and little infrastructure requirements, ensure that the balance sheets always end up on the positive side. The margins are quite handsome and an ever increasing demand inside the US has encouraged many to go in for similar ventures. In fact it seems to be quite a lucrative proposition as indicated by the number of entrepreneurs it has managed to attract in the last few years.

These stores most of which operate out of the net claim to offer confidential service that one can get at their neighborhood pharmacy store without even leaving their homes. Their advertisements claim to offer nearly 5000 prescription and over-the-counter drugs for up to 70 percent less than what is available in the American markets. Wait, there’s more one can also get generic alternatives imported from other countries at prices which may seem throwaway for most Americans.

Though the licensed discount pharmacies in Canada ask for a US prescription, the unlicensed ones just ask for the name of the required drug. The number of unlicensed online stores has seen a steady increase and it is said to be in the ratio of 2 unlicensed ones for every three licensed stores. Wide payment options are also offered one can pay in dollars, euros or even through intermediaries which facilitate easier financial transaction. The lure of cheap drugs is so much that most customers do not mind the 10-12 day wait for arrival of the ordered drugs.

The volume of business catered to by Canadian discount stores is nothing but astounding. The licensed discount stores claim to fill up to a whopping 3000 prescriptions a day. In such a scenario, one can only imaging the amount of prescriptions filled in by the unlicensed discount stores can only be guessed. Some of the licensed discount pharmacies have gone beyond just filling up prescriptions they even arrange for a Canadian physician to evaluate and co sign prescriptions. For bulk orders or for orders above $100, many discount stores even offer to ship home your purchase free of cost.

In lieu of providing such diverse array of services, it is no wonder that the industry is now said to be worth any where from $1-5 billion a year. The Canadian discount pharmacies may however face some competition from their Mexican counterparts as the industry there is now growing and soon may explore means of reaching out to customers in US. This may however happen somewhere in the next decade or so, and till then, the Canadian pharmacies will continue to sell their drugs to US customers.

The windfall profits have further augmented the capacities of these stores and many are planning to launch customized services for regular clients. Till now, word of mouth and internet search was the most common mode to reach out to customers. All this may however soon change as many stores are also planning to introduce unique marketing strategies to locate and reach out to potential customers faster. This may indicate the direction in which the discount stores are headed to in the future.

Canada Ski Vacations

With its splendid skiing options, Canada has now become a popular ski vacation destination. Canada encompasses numerous ski resorts on both its west and east coasts, with each coast offering a different appeal. Skiers to Canada are welcomed with pure powder snow. Fernie, in British Columbia, has enough snow to satiate you, even without using artificial snowmaking facilities.

As a traveler to Canada, you are bound to experience the friendliness of its people, high levels of service, and solid accommodations. The varied food offered in Canada is also remarkable. In Canada, you will come across some of the best-kept ski resorts in North America.

Canada, the second largest country in the world, has an ample number of breathtaking ski resorts. It is also referred as the backcountry capital of the world. With acres and acres of skiing piste on offer, you will surely find a piste to suit your taste and level of expertise.

Ski resorts on the west coast of Canada have virtually guaranteed snow, with occasional rain and chilling temperatures. The east coast does not offer consistent and good quality snow. The ski resorts on the east coast are as good for skiing in comparison with the west coast. It is better suited for travelers wanting to spend a weekend relaxing.

The well-known resorts of Canada are Whistler, Fernie, Banff, Lake Louise, Mont Tremblant, Big White, and Red Mountain, to name a few. Canadian ski resorts have something to offer for everyone, be it skiing or aprxe8s-ski.

Canada, as a ski vacation destination, offers enjoyment whether you are a ski enthusiast or not. There are numerous agencies offering you great deals for a ski vacation in the country. The better way to find one is to search the Internet and find yourself a deal that suits your budget; take a flight to Canada and explore its ski resorts.

Canada Employment Immigration

Both the birth and death rates in Canada are on the decline. As a result, the young and skilled population is in short supply. To offset this situation, the government of Canada has loosened its immigration policy to allow immigrants from other countries to settle in Canada and work for its growth and prosperity. The Canadian government encourages skilled and self-employed persons, investors, businessmen, entrepreneurs and farmers to permanently settle in Canada to boost its economy.

Among the categories of immigrants who are welcome to seek employment in Canada, the skilled workers with good qualifications and plenty of experience are the most welcome. Several types of programs are available for skilled persons.

The Canadian government has laid down six criteria for which you or your spouse must earn sufficient points in order to be considered eligible for immigration. Skilled and educated persons should have knowledge of English or French. They should have work experience of at least 10 years, including one year’s worth of full-time paid work in their field. The Canadian National Occupational Classification has set up certain Skill Types and Skill Levels to classify skilled workers. To qualify for immigration, the applicant must be in Skill Type 0 or Skill Level A or B.

Besides the skills, you should also possess sufficient funds to settle and manage your business. You should also be able to transfer your skills to others and at the same time generate jobs. The government of Canada is ready to offer employment chances to about 116,000 in various categories of skilled persons, entrepreneurs and self-employed persons in the year 2005-2006.

Besides the employment immigration offered by the government of Canada, the provincial government of Quebec also offers immigration for employment under its Quebec Immigration Service, which it shares with the government of Canada. A person with the right qualifications and experience with no health and security problems may be considered for employment.

In addition to the above categories, there is a Federal Self-Employed Program in cultural activities and athletics, which offers employment immigration to world-class athletes and participants in cultural programs. Farmers with sufficient funds and experience in farm management are also eligible in this category.

Camps for Troubled Teens: Disciplines and Wilderness

Parents looking for a quick fix usually choose troubled teen camps. There are two types of teen camps: boot camps and summer or wilderness camps. They usually last from one to six weeks, and while teens may shows signs of improvement for days or even weeks after coming home, they often revert back to old behaviors after the fear of authority disappears.

Boot camps are military-style facilities that use discipline, military exercises, rigorous physical training, and fear of authority to transform a troubled teen into a “good soldier” who follows rules. Unfortunately, most boot camps do not address underlying emotional or behavioral problems. Without therapy or behavior modification, long-term effectiveness is limited. If parents do chose to send their troubled teen to a boot camp, the best chance for long-term success is to follow it with a treatment program.

Wilderness camps are usually seen as an alternative to boot camps. Instead of the aggressive approach that boot camps tend to use, wilderness camps are more likely to be behavior modification programs with a component of the program held outdoors. They remove urban distractions so troubled teens can reconnect accept responsibility for their choices. Because these wilderness camps are generally held in summer, they may not include an academic component. There are a few that do, though, which is especially important for teens who have fallen behind during the school year.

The biggest benefit to wilderness camps as opposed to boot camps is that they often provide substance abuse treatment for troubled teens. Again, because wilderness camps usually only last for one to six weeks, the best chance for long-term success is to follow it with a treatment program. This will supplement and reinforce the treatment teens receive at camp.

Camping And Hiking Gear

Camping and hiking gear are a must for all hikers and outdoor adventure lovers. Providing safety and comfort, and making our adventures possible, they are mandatory for hikers.

Different companies provide different types and sizes of hiking gear. Camping and hiking gear mainly includes tents, backpacks, sleeping bags, sleeping pads, camp furniture, cookware, headlamps, hiking poles, flashlights, clothing, boots, stoves, insect repellents, coolers, and many other things.

It is extremely important to choose the correct gear. For example, a choice exists between daypacks, which can either be internal or external-frame packs. External backpacks work best for new hikers and are much cooler than the internal ones. Similarly, one can choose between sleeping bags of goose down or synthetic fabric. While goose down is warmer, synthetic is less expensive and requires less maintenance than goose down.

Choosing good clothing is a must too. Shirts made from synthetic or synthetic-blend fabrics work best for hikers and campers. It allows the perspiration to evaporate and leaves the shirt dry for the comfort of the hikers. Brands like PowerDry, Coolmax Apparel and Airtek make good-quality shirts.

Equally important are hiking and trail boots which protect our feet. These must be chosen with great discretion, as the wrong shoes or boots can cause blisters and sores on the feet. Bootbay and Shoe buy have a truly amazing collection of hiking and trail boots, which are shipped free to all customers.

Some good companies which make excellent-quality camping and hiking gear are Big Agnes, Black Diamond, Mountain Hardware, Sierra Designs, the North Face, GoLite, Gregory, Mountainsmith, Kelty, Marmot, REI, and much more. REI, Altrec, LL Bean, Backcountry, Base Gear, Bootbay, Cabelax92s, Shoe buy, Rocky Mountain Trail, and US Outdoor, besides others, are some examples of companies where we can find the aforementioned brands.

Camping and hiking gear help to make our trips enjoyable and safe. However, choosing the right gear is extremely important. Hence, adequate research is required before buying any gear.


As early as the 11th century, a camera using a pinhole or lens was developed. This projected a specific image on a viewing surface. At that time, these images were preserved by manually tracing them, due to non-availability of adequate photographic technology and material. The first small and portable camera was invented in 1685. However it was not until 1826 that the first permanent photograph was made.

The word camera is derived from the Latin word ‘obscura latin,’ which means dark chamber. A photograph is a medium through which people can relive past events and revisit moments. From the days of stencils, black and white to color, cameras have come a long way.

A camera is essentially a lightproof box fitted with a lens. A shutter is used to collect incoming light and direct it onto the film within. There is a viewfinder, used to frame the scene and a mechanism that helps with focusing on the object. An external or internal flash maybe used to maximize lighting conditions.

The shutter speed controls the aperture through which light enters the camera. The higher the shutter speed the smaller the aperture, and vice versa. This mechanism controls the time during which light is permitted to enter the camera. Pinhole cameras use a tiny hole to focus on an image. Other cameras use a lens for focusing purposes. The focal length of a lens, which is the distance between the rear of the lens when set on infinity and the film, establishes viewing angle and the size of the viewed objects.

35-mm cameras are currently the most widely used cameras. Modern cameras are available in rangefinder and reflex models and use an integrated rapid film-transport mechanism. Lenses can also be interchanged with ease, using the same camera body. Photographers may use lens filters, flash bulbs, and tripods to support their photographic ventures.

Camel Crickets

Crickets are insects that belong to the order Orthoptera. Crickets are an important part of the ecosystem since they help in the breakdown of plant material. There are many species of crickets: house crickets, field crickets, ground crickets, cave crickets, mole crickets, camel crickets, snowy tree cricket and the northern mole crickets. Crickets live outdoors in wide open spaces like meadows, pastures and roads. In winter, they go under the rocks or logs to escape the cold. They are nocturnal and are very active during the nights. Crickets are omnivores and feed on almost anything- usually organic materials, plant decay, grass, fruits, seedling plants, fungi and even meat.

Camel crickets, also known as cave crickets or stone crickets, are generally found in caves and other cool damp places like house basements. They have very large hind legs, long slender antennae, head bent backward and drumstick-shaped femurs. They do not have wings. They are about one inch in length and brownish in color. They appear to be humpbacked because of their arched backs. They are also nocturnal but are not attracted to light unlike other crickets. They also do not chirp like house crickets.

Camel crickets usually reside in wells, hollow tress, under damp leaves/stones/logs/boards. They generally wander into houses by mistake and are basically harmless. Camel crickets can be controlled by cleaning out any damp and moist sites in and around the house. This includes dirty piles of stones, bricks or leaves. Sprinkle cricket baits available in the market; sticky traps can be used to trap crickets, which can then be flushed down the toilet or destroyed; call a good pest control company if the problem persists. Acephate (Orthene), carbaryl (Sevin), chlorpyrifos (Dursban), diazinon (Diazinon, Spectracide), Malathion, or propoxur (Baygon) are some commonly used insecticides for controlling camel crickets.